Experimental investigation on the effects of shoreface nourishment placement and timing on long-term cross-shore profile development

Bjarke Eltard Larsen* (Corresponding Author), Dominic Van der A, Rex Carstensen, Stefan Carstensen, David R. Fuhrman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Experimental results involving shoreface nourishment scenarios are presented.
The experiments are performed at small scale and the effects of nourishment placement and timing in relation to long-term cross-shore profile development are investigated. Four different nourishment scenarios are tested experimentally, with nourishment positioned both in the trough of a predeveloped profile as well as along the bar of the profile. The results demonstrate that under all scenarios the erosion of the shoreline slows relative to the case without nourishment. The two cases where the nourishment was placed along the bar reduced erosion of the shoreline more compared to the two cases with nourishment in the trough onshore of the bar. Compared to past experiments on nourishment presented in the literature, the present experiments were run for a longer duration, and the concepts of equilibrium profile and the development towards such an equilibrium were investigated.
Curiously, the experiments showed a reversal of the sediment transport rate
from being primarily offshore directed across the entire profile to onshore directed in the inner surf zone region closest to the shoreline. This reversal of
transport rate occurred without changing the incoming wave conditions and
resulted in deposition at the shoreline. This either questions the existence of
equilibrium beach profiles or at the very least shows that the development
towards such an equilibrium will not always be monotonic in time.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104258
Number of pages14
JournalCoastal Engineering
Volume180
Early online date2 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Nourishment
  • experiments
  • equilibrium profile
  • bar migration

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