Experimental study of bore-driven swash hydrodynamics on impermeable rough slopes

G. A. Kikkert, T. O'Donoghue, D. Pokrajac, N. Dodd

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A detailed experimental investigation of the hydrodynamics of large-scale, bore-driven swash on impermeable, rough beach slopes is described. The experiments were carried out on 1:10 impermeable, rough slopes with three different surface roughnesses based on 1.3. mm sand, 5.4. mm gravel and 8.4. mm gravel. The large-scale discrete swash event was produced by the collapse of a dambreak-generated bore on the beach. Simultaneous depths and velocities were measured using LIF, Laser-induced fluorescence, and PIV, particle image velocimetry, respectively, yielding better resolution of the hydrodynamics than previous studies. Depth time-series, instantaneous velocity profiles, depth-averaged velocities, instantaneous turbulent kinetic energy profiles, depth-averaged turbulent kinetic energy, Reynolds stress profiles and bed shear stresses are presented for five cross-shore measurement locations in the swash. The measurements resolve the backwash shoreline position, and the late backwash period when depths are shallow and velocities are high. The detailed data can be used to test and develop advanced numerical models for bore-driven waves on rough slopes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-166
Number of pages18
JournalCoastal Engineering
Issue number1
Early online date27 Oct 2011
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2012


  • dam-break
  • swash
  • laboratory experiments
  • bore
  • turbulence
  • shear stress


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