Explicit and Implicit Trust Within Safety Culture

C. Burns, Kathryn Jane Mearns, Peter McGeorge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Safety culture is an important topic for managers in high-hazard industries because a deficient safety culture has been linked to organizational accidents. Many researchers have argued that trust plays a central role in models of safety culture but trust has rarely been measured in safety culture/climate studies. This article used explicit (direct) and implicit (indirect) measures to assess trust at a UK gas plant. Explicit measures assessed trust by asking workers to consider and state their attitude to attitude objects. Implicit measures assessed trust in a more subtle way by using a priming task that relies on automatic attitude activation. The results show that workers expressed explicit trust for their workmates, supervisors, and senior managers, but only expressed implicit trust for their workmates. The article proposes a model that conceptualizes explicit trust as part of the surface levels of safety culture and implicit trust as part of the deeper levels of safety culture. An unintended finding was the positive relationship between implicit measures of trust and distrust, which suggests that trust and distrust are separate constructs. The article concludes by considering the implications for safety culture and trust and distrust in high-hazard industries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1139-1150
Number of pages11
JournalRisk Analysis
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

Keywords

  • distrust
  • implicit attitudes
  • safety culture
  • trust
  • organizational culture
  • social cognition
  • attitudes
  • climate
  • model
  • difference
  • motivation
  • systems
  • work

Cite this

Explicit and Implicit Trust Within Safety Culture. / Burns, C.; Mearns, Kathryn Jane; McGeorge, Peter.

In: Risk Analysis, Vol. 26, No. 5, 10.2006, p. 1139-1150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burns, C. ; Mearns, Kathryn Jane ; McGeorge, Peter. / Explicit and Implicit Trust Within Safety Culture. In: Risk Analysis. 2006 ; Vol. 26, No. 5. pp. 1139-1150.
@article{a36d6da5881f492a88a27ab3511a80f6,
title = "Explicit and Implicit Trust Within Safety Culture",
abstract = "Safety culture is an important topic for managers in high-hazard industries because a deficient safety culture has been linked to organizational accidents. Many researchers have argued that trust plays a central role in models of safety culture but trust has rarely been measured in safety culture/climate studies. This article used explicit (direct) and implicit (indirect) measures to assess trust at a UK gas plant. Explicit measures assessed trust by asking workers to consider and state their attitude to attitude objects. Implicit measures assessed trust in a more subtle way by using a priming task that relies on automatic attitude activation. The results show that workers expressed explicit trust for their workmates, supervisors, and senior managers, but only expressed implicit trust for their workmates. The article proposes a model that conceptualizes explicit trust as part of the surface levels of safety culture and implicit trust as part of the deeper levels of safety culture. An unintended finding was the positive relationship between implicit measures of trust and distrust, which suggests that trust and distrust are separate constructs. The article concludes by considering the implications for safety culture and trust and distrust in high-hazard industries.",
keywords = "distrust, implicit attitudes, safety culture, trust, organizational culture, social cognition, attitudes, climate, model, difference, motivation, systems, work",
author = "C. Burns and Mearns, {Kathryn Jane} and Peter McGeorge",
year = "2006",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1111/j.1539-6924.2006.00821.x",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "1139--1150",
journal = "Risk Analysis",
issn = "0272-4332",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Explicit and Implicit Trust Within Safety Culture

AU - Burns, C.

AU - Mearns, Kathryn Jane

AU - McGeorge, Peter

PY - 2006/10

Y1 - 2006/10

N2 - Safety culture is an important topic for managers in high-hazard industries because a deficient safety culture has been linked to organizational accidents. Many researchers have argued that trust plays a central role in models of safety culture but trust has rarely been measured in safety culture/climate studies. This article used explicit (direct) and implicit (indirect) measures to assess trust at a UK gas plant. Explicit measures assessed trust by asking workers to consider and state their attitude to attitude objects. Implicit measures assessed trust in a more subtle way by using a priming task that relies on automatic attitude activation. The results show that workers expressed explicit trust for their workmates, supervisors, and senior managers, but only expressed implicit trust for their workmates. The article proposes a model that conceptualizes explicit trust as part of the surface levels of safety culture and implicit trust as part of the deeper levels of safety culture. An unintended finding was the positive relationship between implicit measures of trust and distrust, which suggests that trust and distrust are separate constructs. The article concludes by considering the implications for safety culture and trust and distrust in high-hazard industries.

AB - Safety culture is an important topic for managers in high-hazard industries because a deficient safety culture has been linked to organizational accidents. Many researchers have argued that trust plays a central role in models of safety culture but trust has rarely been measured in safety culture/climate studies. This article used explicit (direct) and implicit (indirect) measures to assess trust at a UK gas plant. Explicit measures assessed trust by asking workers to consider and state their attitude to attitude objects. Implicit measures assessed trust in a more subtle way by using a priming task that relies on automatic attitude activation. The results show that workers expressed explicit trust for their workmates, supervisors, and senior managers, but only expressed implicit trust for their workmates. The article proposes a model that conceptualizes explicit trust as part of the surface levels of safety culture and implicit trust as part of the deeper levels of safety culture. An unintended finding was the positive relationship between implicit measures of trust and distrust, which suggests that trust and distrust are separate constructs. The article concludes by considering the implications for safety culture and trust and distrust in high-hazard industries.

KW - distrust

KW - implicit attitudes

KW - safety culture

KW - trust

KW - organizational culture

KW - social cognition

KW - attitudes

KW - climate

KW - model

KW - difference

KW - motivation

KW - systems

KW - work

U2 - 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2006.00821.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2006.00821.x

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 1139

EP - 1150

JO - Risk Analysis

JF - Risk Analysis

SN - 0272-4332

IS - 5

ER -