Eye remember you: The effects of gaze direction on face recognition in children and adults.

B. M. Hood, C Neil MacRae, V. Cole-Davies, M. Dias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Children and adults were tested on a forced-choice face recognition task in which the direction of eye gaze was manipulated over the course of the initial presentation and subsequent test phase of the experiment. To establish the effects of gaze direction on the encoding process, participants were presented with to-be-studied faces displaying either director deviated gaze (i.e. encoding manipulation). At test, all the faces depicted persons with their eyes closed. To investigate the effects of gaze direction on the efficiency of the retrieval process, a second condition (i.e. retrieval manipulation) was run in which target faces were presented initially with eyes closed and tested with either direct or deviated gaze. The results revealed the encoding advantages enjoyed by faces with direct gaze was present for both children and adults. Faces with direct gaze were also recognized better than faces with deviated gaze at retrieval, although this effect was most pronounced for adults. Finally, the advantage for direct gaze over deviated gaze at encoding was greater than the advantage for direct gaze over deviated gaze at retrieval. We consider the theoretical implications of these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-71
Number of pages4
JournalDevelopmental Science
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • HUMAN AMYGDALA
  • PERCEPTION
  • ATTENTION
  • INFANTS

Cite this

Eye remember you: The effects of gaze direction on face recognition in children and adults. / Hood, B. M.; MacRae, C Neil; Cole-Davies, V.; Dias, M.

In: Developmental Science, Vol. 6, 2003, p. 67-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{44be5245df4c4401b93a6d5e0e043fbc,
title = "Eye remember you: The effects of gaze direction on face recognition in children and adults.",
abstract = "Children and adults were tested on a forced-choice face recognition task in which the direction of eye gaze was manipulated over the course of the initial presentation and subsequent test phase of the experiment. To establish the effects of gaze direction on the encoding process, participants were presented with to-be-studied faces displaying either director deviated gaze (i.e. encoding manipulation). At test, all the faces depicted persons with their eyes closed. To investigate the effects of gaze direction on the efficiency of the retrieval process, a second condition (i.e. retrieval manipulation) was run in which target faces were presented initially with eyes closed and tested with either direct or deviated gaze. The results revealed the encoding advantages enjoyed by faces with direct gaze was present for both children and adults. Faces with direct gaze were also recognized better than faces with deviated gaze at retrieval, although this effect was most pronounced for adults. Finally, the advantage for direct gaze over deviated gaze at encoding was greater than the advantage for direct gaze over deviated gaze at retrieval. We consider the theoretical implications of these findings.",
keywords = "HUMAN AMYGDALA, PERCEPTION, ATTENTION, INFANTS",
author = "Hood, {B. M.} and MacRae, {C Neil} and V. Cole-Davies and M. Dias",
year = "2003",
doi = "10.1111/1467-7687.00256",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "67--71",
journal = "Developmental Science",
issn = "1363-755X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eye remember you: The effects of gaze direction on face recognition in children and adults.

AU - Hood, B. M.

AU - MacRae, C Neil

AU - Cole-Davies, V.

AU - Dias, M.

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - Children and adults were tested on a forced-choice face recognition task in which the direction of eye gaze was manipulated over the course of the initial presentation and subsequent test phase of the experiment. To establish the effects of gaze direction on the encoding process, participants were presented with to-be-studied faces displaying either director deviated gaze (i.e. encoding manipulation). At test, all the faces depicted persons with their eyes closed. To investigate the effects of gaze direction on the efficiency of the retrieval process, a second condition (i.e. retrieval manipulation) was run in which target faces were presented initially with eyes closed and tested with either direct or deviated gaze. The results revealed the encoding advantages enjoyed by faces with direct gaze was present for both children and adults. Faces with direct gaze were also recognized better than faces with deviated gaze at retrieval, although this effect was most pronounced for adults. Finally, the advantage for direct gaze over deviated gaze at encoding was greater than the advantage for direct gaze over deviated gaze at retrieval. We consider the theoretical implications of these findings.

AB - Children and adults were tested on a forced-choice face recognition task in which the direction of eye gaze was manipulated over the course of the initial presentation and subsequent test phase of the experiment. To establish the effects of gaze direction on the encoding process, participants were presented with to-be-studied faces displaying either director deviated gaze (i.e. encoding manipulation). At test, all the faces depicted persons with their eyes closed. To investigate the effects of gaze direction on the efficiency of the retrieval process, a second condition (i.e. retrieval manipulation) was run in which target faces were presented initially with eyes closed and tested with either direct or deviated gaze. The results revealed the encoding advantages enjoyed by faces with direct gaze was present for both children and adults. Faces with direct gaze were also recognized better than faces with deviated gaze at retrieval, although this effect was most pronounced for adults. Finally, the advantage for direct gaze over deviated gaze at encoding was greater than the advantage for direct gaze over deviated gaze at retrieval. We consider the theoretical implications of these findings.

KW - HUMAN AMYGDALA

KW - PERCEPTION

KW - ATTENTION

KW - INFANTS

U2 - 10.1111/1467-7687.00256

DO - 10.1111/1467-7687.00256

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 67

EP - 71

JO - Developmental Science

JF - Developmental Science

SN - 1363-755X

ER -