Facial correlates of sociosexuality

Lynda G. Boothroyd, Benedict C. Jones, D. Michael Burt, Lisa M. DeBruine, David I. Perrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies have documented variation in sexual behaviour between individuals leading to the notion of 'restricted' individuals (i.e., people who prefer long-term relationships) and 'unrestricted' individuals (i.e., people who are open to short-term relationships). This distinction is often referred to as sociosexual orientation. Observers have been previously found to distinguish sociosexuality from video footage of individuals, although the specific cues used have not been identified. Here we assessed the ability of observers to judge sexual strategy based specifically on cues in both facial composites and real faces. We also assessed how observers' perceptions of the masculinity/femininity and attractiveness of faces relate to the sociosexual orientation of the pictured individuals. Observers were generally able to identify restricted vs. unrestricted individuals from cues in both composites and real faces. Unrestricted sociosexuality was generally associated with greater attractiveness in female composites and real female faces and greater masculinity in male composites. Although male observers did not generally associate sociosexuality with male attractiveness, female observers generally preferred more restricted males' faces (i.e., those with relatively strong preferences for long-term relationships). Collectively, our results support previous findings that androgenisation in men is related to less restricted sexual behaviour and suggest that women are averse to unrestricted men. (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
JournalEvolution and Human Behavior
Volume29
Issue number3
Early online date26 Mar 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

Keywords

  • sexual strategy
  • sociosexuality
  • masculinity
  • attraction
  • faces
  • fluctuating asymmetry
  • sexual-dimorphism
  • attractiveness
  • perception
  • testosterone
  • shape
  • psychology
  • judgments
  • symmetry

Cite this

Boothroyd, L. G., Jones, B. C., Burt, D. M., DeBruine, L. M., & Perrett, D. I. (2008). Facial correlates of sociosexuality. Evolution and Human Behavior, 29(3), 211-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2007.12.009

Facial correlates of sociosexuality. / Boothroyd, Lynda G.; Jones, Benedict C.; Burt, D. Michael; DeBruine, Lisa M.; Perrett, David I.

In: Evolution and Human Behavior, Vol. 29, No. 3, 05.2008, p. 211-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Boothroyd, LG, Jones, BC, Burt, DM, DeBruine, LM & Perrett, DI 2008, 'Facial correlates of sociosexuality', Evolution and Human Behavior, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 211-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2007.12.009
Boothroyd LG, Jones BC, Burt DM, DeBruine LM, Perrett DI. Facial correlates of sociosexuality. Evolution and Human Behavior. 2008 May;29(3):211-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2007.12.009
Boothroyd, Lynda G. ; Jones, Benedict C. ; Burt, D. Michael ; DeBruine, Lisa M. ; Perrett, David I. / Facial correlates of sociosexuality. In: Evolution and Human Behavior. 2008 ; Vol. 29, No. 3. pp. 211-218.
@article{7ee0080c9a47424e94988b975cdfbfd2,
title = "Facial correlates of sociosexuality",
abstract = "Previous studies have documented variation in sexual behaviour between individuals leading to the notion of 'restricted' individuals (i.e., people who prefer long-term relationships) and 'unrestricted' individuals (i.e., people who are open to short-term relationships). This distinction is often referred to as sociosexual orientation. Observers have been previously found to distinguish sociosexuality from video footage of individuals, although the specific cues used have not been identified. Here we assessed the ability of observers to judge sexual strategy based specifically on cues in both facial composites and real faces. We also assessed how observers' perceptions of the masculinity/femininity and attractiveness of faces relate to the sociosexual orientation of the pictured individuals. Observers were generally able to identify restricted vs. unrestricted individuals from cues in both composites and real faces. Unrestricted sociosexuality was generally associated with greater attractiveness in female composites and real female faces and greater masculinity in male composites. Although male observers did not generally associate sociosexuality with male attractiveness, female observers generally preferred more restricted males' faces (i.e., those with relatively strong preferences for long-term relationships). Collectively, our results support previous findings that androgenisation in men is related to less restricted sexual behaviour and suggest that women are averse to unrestricted men. (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier Inc.",
keywords = "sexual strategy, sociosexuality, masculinity, attraction, faces, fluctuating asymmetry, sexual-dimorphism, attractiveness, perception, testosterone, shape, psychology, judgments, symmetry",
author = "Boothroyd, {Lynda G.} and Jones, {Benedict C.} and Burt, {D. Michael} and DeBruine, {Lisa M.} and Perrett, {David I.}",
year = "2008",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2007.12.009",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "211--218",
journal = "Evolution and Human Behavior",
issn = "1090-5138",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Facial correlates of sociosexuality

AU - Boothroyd, Lynda G.

AU - Jones, Benedict C.

AU - Burt, D. Michael

AU - DeBruine, Lisa M.

AU - Perrett, David I.

PY - 2008/5

Y1 - 2008/5

N2 - Previous studies have documented variation in sexual behaviour between individuals leading to the notion of 'restricted' individuals (i.e., people who prefer long-term relationships) and 'unrestricted' individuals (i.e., people who are open to short-term relationships). This distinction is often referred to as sociosexual orientation. Observers have been previously found to distinguish sociosexuality from video footage of individuals, although the specific cues used have not been identified. Here we assessed the ability of observers to judge sexual strategy based specifically on cues in both facial composites and real faces. We also assessed how observers' perceptions of the masculinity/femininity and attractiveness of faces relate to the sociosexual orientation of the pictured individuals. Observers were generally able to identify restricted vs. unrestricted individuals from cues in both composites and real faces. Unrestricted sociosexuality was generally associated with greater attractiveness in female composites and real female faces and greater masculinity in male composites. Although male observers did not generally associate sociosexuality with male attractiveness, female observers generally preferred more restricted males' faces (i.e., those with relatively strong preferences for long-term relationships). Collectively, our results support previous findings that androgenisation in men is related to less restricted sexual behaviour and suggest that women are averse to unrestricted men. (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier Inc.

AB - Previous studies have documented variation in sexual behaviour between individuals leading to the notion of 'restricted' individuals (i.e., people who prefer long-term relationships) and 'unrestricted' individuals (i.e., people who are open to short-term relationships). This distinction is often referred to as sociosexual orientation. Observers have been previously found to distinguish sociosexuality from video footage of individuals, although the specific cues used have not been identified. Here we assessed the ability of observers to judge sexual strategy based specifically on cues in both facial composites and real faces. We also assessed how observers' perceptions of the masculinity/femininity and attractiveness of faces relate to the sociosexual orientation of the pictured individuals. Observers were generally able to identify restricted vs. unrestricted individuals from cues in both composites and real faces. Unrestricted sociosexuality was generally associated with greater attractiveness in female composites and real female faces and greater masculinity in male composites. Although male observers did not generally associate sociosexuality with male attractiveness, female observers generally preferred more restricted males' faces (i.e., those with relatively strong preferences for long-term relationships). Collectively, our results support previous findings that androgenisation in men is related to less restricted sexual behaviour and suggest that women are averse to unrestricted men. (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier Inc.

KW - sexual strategy

KW - sociosexuality

KW - masculinity

KW - attraction

KW - faces

KW - fluctuating asymmetry

KW - sexual-dimorphism

KW - attractiveness

KW - perception

KW - testosterone

KW - shape

KW - psychology

KW - judgments

KW - symmetry

U2 - 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2007.12.009

DO - 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2007.12.009

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 211

EP - 218

JO - Evolution and Human Behavior

JF - Evolution and Human Behavior

SN - 1090-5138

IS - 3

ER -