Facial first impressions from another angle

How social judgements are influenced by changeable and invariant facial properties

Clare AM Sutherland (Corresponding Author), Andrew W. Young, Gillian Rhodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

First impressions made to photographs of faces can depend as much on momentary characteristics of the photographed image (within-person variability) as on consistent properties of the face of the person depicted (between-person variability). Here, we examine two important sources of within-person variability: emotional expression and viewpoint. We find more within-person variability than between-person variability for social impressions of key traits of trustworthiness, dominance, and attractiveness, which index the main dimensions in theoretical models of facial impressions. The most important source of this variability is the emotional expression of the face, but the viewpoint of the photograph also affects impressions and modulates the effects of expression. For example, faces look most trustworthy with a happy expression when they are facing the perceiver, compared to when they are facing elsewhere, whereas the opposite is true for anger and disgust. Our findings highlight the integration of these different sources of variability in social impression formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-415
Number of pages18
JournalBritish Journal of Psychology
Volume108
Issue number2
Early online date22 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Fingerprint

Anger
Theoretical Models
Person
Emotional Expression
Disgust
Attractiveness
Impression Formation
Trustworthiness

Keywords

  • face perception
  • first impressions
  • person perception
  • viewpoint
  • emotional expression
  • social judgements

Cite this

Facial first impressions from another angle : How social judgements are influenced by changeable and invariant facial properties. / Sutherland, Clare AM (Corresponding Author); Young, Andrew W.; Rhodes, Gillian.

In: British Journal of Psychology, Vol. 108, No. 2, 05.2017, p. 397-415.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{92e28340293e430d9a264056b9648591,
title = "Facial first impressions from another angle: How social judgements are influenced by changeable and invariant facial properties",
abstract = "First impressions made to photographs of faces can depend as much on momentary characteristics of the photographed image (within-person variability) as on consistent properties of the face of the person depicted (between-person variability). Here, we examine two important sources of within-person variability: emotional expression and viewpoint. We find more within-person variability than between-person variability for social impressions of key traits of trustworthiness, dominance, and attractiveness, which index the main dimensions in theoretical models of facial impressions. The most important source of this variability is the emotional expression of the face, but the viewpoint of the photograph also affects impressions and modulates the effects of expression. For example, faces look most trustworthy with a happy expression when they are facing the perceiver, compared to when they are facing elsewhere, whereas the opposite is true for anger and disgust. Our findings highlight the integration of these different sources of variability in social impression formation.",
keywords = "face perception, first impressions, person perception, viewpoint, emotional expression, social judgements",
author = "Sutherland, {Clare AM} and Young, {Andrew W.} and Gillian Rhodes",
note = "Funding Information: Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders. Grant Number: CE110001021 ARC Discovery Outstanding Researcher Award. Grant Number: DP130102300",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1111/bjop.12206",
language = "English",
volume = "108",
pages = "397--415",
journal = "British Journal of Psychology",
issn = "0007-1269",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Facial first impressions from another angle

T2 - How social judgements are influenced by changeable and invariant facial properties

AU - Sutherland, Clare AM

AU - Young, Andrew W.

AU - Rhodes, Gillian

N1 - Funding Information: Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders. Grant Number: CE110001021 ARC Discovery Outstanding Researcher Award. Grant Number: DP130102300

PY - 2017/5

Y1 - 2017/5

N2 - First impressions made to photographs of faces can depend as much on momentary characteristics of the photographed image (within-person variability) as on consistent properties of the face of the person depicted (between-person variability). Here, we examine two important sources of within-person variability: emotional expression and viewpoint. We find more within-person variability than between-person variability for social impressions of key traits of trustworthiness, dominance, and attractiveness, which index the main dimensions in theoretical models of facial impressions. The most important source of this variability is the emotional expression of the face, but the viewpoint of the photograph also affects impressions and modulates the effects of expression. For example, faces look most trustworthy with a happy expression when they are facing the perceiver, compared to when they are facing elsewhere, whereas the opposite is true for anger and disgust. Our findings highlight the integration of these different sources of variability in social impression formation.

AB - First impressions made to photographs of faces can depend as much on momentary characteristics of the photographed image (within-person variability) as on consistent properties of the face of the person depicted (between-person variability). Here, we examine two important sources of within-person variability: emotional expression and viewpoint. We find more within-person variability than between-person variability for social impressions of key traits of trustworthiness, dominance, and attractiveness, which index the main dimensions in theoretical models of facial impressions. The most important source of this variability is the emotional expression of the face, but the viewpoint of the photograph also affects impressions and modulates the effects of expression. For example, faces look most trustworthy with a happy expression when they are facing the perceiver, compared to when they are facing elsewhere, whereas the opposite is true for anger and disgust. Our findings highlight the integration of these different sources of variability in social impression formation.

KW - face perception

KW - first impressions

KW - person perception

KW - viewpoint

KW - emotional expression

KW - social judgements

UR - http://research-repository.uwa.edu.au/en/publications/facial-first-impressions-from-another-angle(02265706-c8d4-4cb8-9c3c-67d715c2dc64).html

U2 - 10.1111/bjop.12206

DO - 10.1111/bjop.12206

M3 - Article

VL - 108

SP - 397

EP - 415

JO - British Journal of Psychology

JF - British Journal of Psychology

SN - 0007-1269

IS - 2

ER -