Facies architecture of the Grès de Peïra Cava, SE France: Landward stacking patterns in ponded turbiditic basins

Lawrence A. Amy, Benjamin C. Kneller, William D. McCaffrey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Basins in which turbidity currents are completely or partially trapped are common in many tectonically active, deep-water settings. Field study of an Eocene-Oligocene turbiditic system in the Peira Cava area, a sub-basin of the Alpine foreland in southeastern France, allows spatial characterization of a ponded basin fill on the basis of a correlation framework derived from measured outcrop sections and photomosaics. The basin-fill architecture comprises a sand-rich, proximal scour-and-fill facies and a downstream transition to mud-rich, basin-plain turbidite sheet facies. The proximal facies is interpreted to have formed directly downstream of a slope break, where currents were highly erosional during some periods and highly depositional during other periods, as a result of the interacting effects of turbulence enhancement and rapid deceleration. Both the proximal facies and the downstream transition to distal basin-plain facies occur in progressively landward positions at higher stratigraphic levels. The landward shift in depositional facies is likely to have resulted from the basin-floor aggradation and a landward migration of the slope break. This 'back-stepping' process may be expected to occur in many ponded turbiditic basins and to produce a similar type of sedimentary architecture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-162
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of the Geological Society
Volume164
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

Keywords

  • driven density currents
  • Gulf-of-Mexico
  • Sorbas Basin
  • deposits
  • systems
  • Spain
  • slope
  • model
  • reflection
  • transition

Cite this

Facies architecture of the Grès de Peïra Cava, SE France : Landward stacking patterns in ponded turbiditic basins. / Amy, Lawrence A.; Kneller, Benjamin C.; McCaffrey, William D.

In: Journal of the Geological Society , Vol. 164, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 143-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Basins in which turbidity currents are completely or partially trapped are common in many tectonically active, deep-water settings. Field study of an Eocene-Oligocene turbiditic system in the Peira Cava area, a sub-basin of the Alpine foreland in southeastern France, allows spatial characterization of a ponded basin fill on the basis of a correlation framework derived from measured outcrop sections and photomosaics. The basin-fill architecture comprises a sand-rich, proximal scour-and-fill facies and a downstream transition to mud-rich, basin-plain turbidite sheet facies. The proximal facies is interpreted to have formed directly downstream of a slope break, where currents were highly erosional during some periods and highly depositional during other periods, as a result of the interacting effects of turbulence enhancement and rapid deceleration. Both the proximal facies and the downstream transition to distal basin-plain facies occur in progressively landward positions at higher stratigraphic levels. The landward shift in depositional facies is likely to have resulted from the basin-floor aggradation and a landward migration of the slope break. This 'back-stepping' process may be expected to occur in many ponded turbiditic basins and to produce a similar type of sedimentary architecture.",
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