Factors associated with Teenage pregnancy in South Asia

Dev Acharya, Ravi Bhattarai, Amudha Poobalan, Edwin van Teijlingen, Glynn Chapman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: South Asia has a large proportion of young people in the world and teenage pregnancy has emerged as one of the major public health problem among them. The objective of this study is to systematically review to identify the risk factors associated with teenage pregnancy in South Asian countries. Methods: We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL database (1996 to April 2007) and web-based information. Inclusion criteria were the English-language papers available in the UK and describing teenage pregnancy in South Asia. Results: Out of the seven countries in South Asia, most of the studies were related to Nepal, Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka. Socio-economic factors, low educational attainment, cultural and family structure were all consistently identified as risk factors for teenage pregnancy. Majority of teenage girls are reported with basic knowledge on sexual health however, very few of them have used the knowledge into practice. Both social and medical consequences of teenage pregnancies are reported consistently along the most of the studies. Utilization of health services, which is a protective factor, remains low and consistent. However, teenagers agreed to delay the indexed pregnancy if they would know its consequences. Conclusions: In South Asia, many risk factors are a part of socio-economic and cultural influences. This systematic review is limited by the amount and the quality of papers published on factors associated with teenage pregnancy. In particular, future research in South Asian countries is needed with standardised measures and methodologies to gain an insight into observed variations in pregnancy rates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-14
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Science Journal
Volume4
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Pregnancy in Adolescence
Economics
Sri Lanka
Nepal
Bangladesh
Reproductive Health
Pregnancy Rate
MEDLINE
Health Services
India
Language
Public Health
Databases
Pregnancy

Keywords

  • risk factors
  • teenage preganacy
  • south Asia

Cite this

Acharya, D., Bhattarai, R., Poobalan, A., van Teijlingen, E., & Chapman, G. (2010). Factors associated with Teenage pregnancy in South Asia. Health Science Journal, 4(1), 3-14.

Factors associated with Teenage pregnancy in South Asia. / Acharya, Dev; Bhattarai, Ravi; Poobalan, Amudha; van Teijlingen, Edwin; Chapman, Glynn.

In: Health Science Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2010, p. 3-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Acharya, D, Bhattarai, R, Poobalan, A, van Teijlingen, E & Chapman, G 2010, 'Factors associated with Teenage pregnancy in South Asia', Health Science Journal, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 3-14.
Acharya D, Bhattarai R, Poobalan A, van Teijlingen E, Chapman G. Factors associated with Teenage pregnancy in South Asia. Health Science Journal. 2010;4(1):3-14.
Acharya, Dev ; Bhattarai, Ravi ; Poobalan, Amudha ; van Teijlingen, Edwin ; Chapman, Glynn. / Factors associated with Teenage pregnancy in South Asia. In: Health Science Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 4, No. 1. pp. 3-14.
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