Fatty acid status of women of reproductive age

C. Berry, C. Montgomery, N. Sattar, John David Norrie, L. T. Weaver

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: Healthy foetal and infant development is dependent on an adequate maternal supply of essential and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). While there are published data on the fatty acid status of pregnant women, there are few on the status of non-pregnant women of reproductive age. The aims of this study were to test the hypotheses that the fatty acid status of non-pregnant women is affected by socio-economic status and anthropometric, behavioural and obstetric factors.

    Design: Observational study

    Methods: One-hundred and thirty-five women of child-bearing age (mean 29.8 y, s.d. 6.92) were invited to provide a blood sample and to answer a questionnaire, of whom 114 were included in the study. Plasma and red cell total fatty acids were measured as their methyl esters by gas chromatography mass spectrometry.

    Results: On multivariate analyses, use of hormonal contraception was independently associated with lower plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids (difference between means: -2.76, 95% confidence interval (-4.64, -0.88), P = 0.0034), whereas cigarette smoking was associated with higher red cell oleic acid (0.74 (0.18, 1.29), P = 0.0094). Fish intake was associated with higher red cell total n-3 fatty acids (0.62 (0.27, 0.85), P = 0.0014).

    Conclusions: We have reported data on the range of the fatty acids of plasma and red blood cells (RBC) total lipids of 114 healthy women of reproductive age. These data provide further information on how socio-economic, anthropometric, behavioural and obstetric factors may be relevant to female and nutrition and health.

    Sponsorship: University of Glasgow.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)518-524
    Number of pages6
    JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
    Volume55
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

    Keywords

    • fatty acid
    • women
    • pregnancy
    • socio-economic
    • anthropometry
    • behaviour
    • obstetric
    • DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID
    • CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
    • MEMBRANE FLUIDITY
    • FISH CONSUMPTION
    • ELDERLY WOMEN
    • PREGNANCY
    • PLASMA
    • SMOKING
    • LIPIDS
    • SERUM

    Cite this

    Berry, C., Montgomery, C., Sattar, N., Norrie, J. D., & Weaver, L. T. (2001). Fatty acid status of women of reproductive age. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 55(7), 518-524. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601176

    Fatty acid status of women of reproductive age. / Berry, C.; Montgomery, C.; Sattar, N.; Norrie, John David; Weaver, L. T.

    In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 55, No. 7, 2001, p. 518-524.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Berry, C, Montgomery, C, Sattar, N, Norrie, JD & Weaver, LT 2001, 'Fatty acid status of women of reproductive age', European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 518-524. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601176
    Berry, C. ; Montgomery, C. ; Sattar, N. ; Norrie, John David ; Weaver, L. T. / Fatty acid status of women of reproductive age. In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2001 ; Vol. 55, No. 7. pp. 518-524.
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    abstract = "Objective: Healthy foetal and infant development is dependent on an adequate maternal supply of essential and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). While there are published data on the fatty acid status of pregnant women, there are few on the status of non-pregnant women of reproductive age. The aims of this study were to test the hypotheses that the fatty acid status of non-pregnant women is affected by socio-economic status and anthropometric, behavioural and obstetric factors.Design: Observational studyMethods: One-hundred and thirty-five women of child-bearing age (mean 29.8 y, s.d. 6.92) were invited to provide a blood sample and to answer a questionnaire, of whom 114 were included in the study. Plasma and red cell total fatty acids were measured as their methyl esters by gas chromatography mass spectrometry.Results: On multivariate analyses, use of hormonal contraception was independently associated with lower plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids (difference between means: -2.76, 95{\%} confidence interval (-4.64, -0.88), P = 0.0034), whereas cigarette smoking was associated with higher red cell oleic acid (0.74 (0.18, 1.29), P = 0.0094). Fish intake was associated with higher red cell total n-3 fatty acids (0.62 (0.27, 0.85), P = 0.0014).Conclusions: We have reported data on the range of the fatty acids of plasma and red blood cells (RBC) total lipids of 114 healthy women of reproductive age. These data provide further information on how socio-economic, anthropometric, behavioural and obstetric factors may be relevant to female and nutrition and health.Sponsorship: University of Glasgow.",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Fatty acid status of women of reproductive age

    AU - Berry, C.

    AU - Montgomery, C.

    AU - Sattar, N.

    AU - Norrie, John David

    AU - Weaver, L. T.

    PY - 2001

    Y1 - 2001

    N2 - Objective: Healthy foetal and infant development is dependent on an adequate maternal supply of essential and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). While there are published data on the fatty acid status of pregnant women, there are few on the status of non-pregnant women of reproductive age. The aims of this study were to test the hypotheses that the fatty acid status of non-pregnant women is affected by socio-economic status and anthropometric, behavioural and obstetric factors.Design: Observational studyMethods: One-hundred and thirty-five women of child-bearing age (mean 29.8 y, s.d. 6.92) were invited to provide a blood sample and to answer a questionnaire, of whom 114 were included in the study. Plasma and red cell total fatty acids were measured as their methyl esters by gas chromatography mass spectrometry.Results: On multivariate analyses, use of hormonal contraception was independently associated with lower plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids (difference between means: -2.76, 95% confidence interval (-4.64, -0.88), P = 0.0034), whereas cigarette smoking was associated with higher red cell oleic acid (0.74 (0.18, 1.29), P = 0.0094). Fish intake was associated with higher red cell total n-3 fatty acids (0.62 (0.27, 0.85), P = 0.0014).Conclusions: We have reported data on the range of the fatty acids of plasma and red blood cells (RBC) total lipids of 114 healthy women of reproductive age. These data provide further information on how socio-economic, anthropometric, behavioural and obstetric factors may be relevant to female and nutrition and health.Sponsorship: University of Glasgow.

    AB - Objective: Healthy foetal and infant development is dependent on an adequate maternal supply of essential and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). While there are published data on the fatty acid status of pregnant women, there are few on the status of non-pregnant women of reproductive age. The aims of this study were to test the hypotheses that the fatty acid status of non-pregnant women is affected by socio-economic status and anthropometric, behavioural and obstetric factors.Design: Observational studyMethods: One-hundred and thirty-five women of child-bearing age (mean 29.8 y, s.d. 6.92) were invited to provide a blood sample and to answer a questionnaire, of whom 114 were included in the study. Plasma and red cell total fatty acids were measured as their methyl esters by gas chromatography mass spectrometry.Results: On multivariate analyses, use of hormonal contraception was independently associated with lower plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids (difference between means: -2.76, 95% confidence interval (-4.64, -0.88), P = 0.0034), whereas cigarette smoking was associated with higher red cell oleic acid (0.74 (0.18, 1.29), P = 0.0094). Fish intake was associated with higher red cell total n-3 fatty acids (0.62 (0.27, 0.85), P = 0.0014).Conclusions: We have reported data on the range of the fatty acids of plasma and red blood cells (RBC) total lipids of 114 healthy women of reproductive age. These data provide further information on how socio-economic, anthropometric, behavioural and obstetric factors may be relevant to female and nutrition and health.Sponsorship: University of Glasgow.

    KW - fatty acid

    KW - women

    KW - pregnancy

    KW - socio-economic

    KW - anthropometry

    KW - behaviour

    KW - obstetric

    KW - DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID

    KW - CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE

    KW - MEMBRANE FLUIDITY

    KW - FISH CONSUMPTION

    KW - ELDERLY WOMEN

    KW - PREGNANCY

    KW - PLASMA

    KW - SMOKING

    KW - LIPIDS

    KW - SERUM

    U2 - 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601176

    DO - 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601176

    M3 - Article

    VL - 55

    SP - 518

    EP - 524

    JO - European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

    JF - European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

    SN - 0954-3007

    IS - 7

    ER -