This article explores the reasons for differences in female rural-urban participation rates by estimating a dynamic model of participation allowing for unobserved heterogeneity and state dependence using Canadian panel data. The results suggest that overall observed differences in rural-urban participation rates are primarily due to differences in observed socioeconomic characteristics. However. for women resident in low-income households, there is evidence that the operation of rural labor markets effectively lowers their participation rates.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||American Journal of Agricultural Economics|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2002|
- female participation
- random effects probit
- rural labor markets