Due to technological advances, financial services have been transformed, exhibiting increased competition and market entries by non-banks. In particular, in China FinTech has seen rapid growth with Tech Giants such as Alibaba (Ant Group) rewriting the rules of banking and finance in the twenty-first century. More convenient forms of banking (e.g. mobile banking) promise better access to finance and financial inclusion for poorer households. The merging of finance and technology (e.g. machine learning, artificial intelligence) creates opportunities – but also risks. The special issue on ‘Financial Inclusion and Fintech' provides empirical evidence and theoretical underpinnings to explore the role of FinTech in the context of financial inclusion.