Finite element analysis of the meniscus: the influence of geometry and material properties on its behaviour

Judith Rowena Meakin, N. G. Shrive, C. B. Frank, D. A. Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A finite element model of the knee meniscus was developed to investigate the effects of various geometrical and material properties on the behaviour of the meniscus under compressive load. Factorial methods were used to determine the relative effect of varying the properties by +/- 10% of their initial value. It was found that the stresses in the meniscus were more sensitive to geometry (meniscus width and radius of curvature of the femoral surface of the meniscus) than material properties. The model was also used to investigate the effect of incongruency between the radius of curvature of the femur and the femoral surface of the meniscus. It was shown that mismatch between the curvatures of the femur and meniscus has a large effect on the stresses both in the meniscus and in the underlying cartilage. The results from the study have implications for the design and development of meniscal repair devices and replacements. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-41
Number of pages8
JournalKnee
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • finite element analysis
  • meniscus
  • compression
  • prostheses
  • KNEE-JOINT MENISCUS
  • MEDIAL MENISCUS
  • REPLACEMENT
  • CARTILAGE
  • REPAIR

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