Guided waves (GW) are finding more applications for structural health monitoring (SHM) of pipelines and other long, slender structures, particularly in the areas of corrosion and crack detection. Third party impact, both accidental and intentional, is also a major cause of pipeline failure. The use of low frequency (below 10 kHz) GW to detect damage caused by a third-party is investigated. Field test data on a 1 km long pipeline are compared with finite element (FE) predictions to illustrate the potential of low frequency GW to travel long distances along a pipeline. An FE study indicates the type and frequency of GW that can propagate long distances (low attenuation) without significant change in shape (low dispersion). The FE analysis is conducted on a typical 10 in (255 mm) diameter steel pipe with 7.8 mm wall thickness. The effects of pipe diameter and thickness on the GW propagation characteristics are illustrated. It is shown that certain frequencies for certain pipe geometries produce a very dispersive signal and should be avoided for GW SHM and the reasons for this are discussed.
|Journal||Journal of Physics: Conference Series|
|Publication status||Published - 9 Jul 2015|
|Event||11th International Conference on Damage Assessment of Structures, DAMAS 2015 - Ghent, Belgium|
Duration: 24 Aug 2015 → 26 Aug 2015