Finite-size Effects on Active Chaotic Advection

T Nishikawa, Z Toroczkai, C Grebogi, T Tel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A small (but finite-size) spherical particle advected by fluid flows obeys equations of motion that are inherently dissipative, due to the Stokes drag. The dynamics of the advected particle can be chaotic even with a flow field that is simply time periodic. Similar to the case of ideal tracers, whose dynamics is Hamiltonian, chemical or biological activity involving such particles can be analyzed using the theory of chaotic dynamics. Using the example of an autocatalytic reaction. A + B-->2B, we show that the balance between dissipation in the particle dynamics and production due to reaction leads to a steady state distribution Or the reagent. We also,chow that, in the case of coalescence reaction, B + B-->B, the decay of the particle density obeys a universal scaling law as approximately t(-1) and that the particle distribution becomes restricted to a subset with fractal dimension D-2, where D-2 is the correlation dimension of the chaotic attractor in the particle dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number026216
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2002

Keywords

  • plankton dynamics
  • open flows
  • particles
  • coexistence
  • attractors
  • diffusion
  • motion
  • fields
  • model

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