FLEXURAL INTERACTION AND THE DYNAMICS OF NEOGENE EXTENSIONAL BASIN FORMATION IN THE ALBORAN-BETIC REGION

S CLOETINGH, P A VANDERBEEK, D VANREES, T B ROEP, C BIERMANN, R A STEPHENSON, Randell Stephenson

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Abstract

Quantitative tectonic modelling demonstrates an interaction of flexure of the lithosphere underlying the western Betics with crustal thinning in the Alboran Basin and flank uplift in the Internal Zone. In the eastern Betics the flexural response is overprinted by post-thrusting extensional events. Lateral variations in thermal structure and rheology of the lithosphere along strike of the Betics shed light on changes in tectonic configuration and are consistent with evidence for lateral variations in the mode of extension in the Alboran Basin. Flexural modelling and subsidence analysis of Neogene basins in the Internal Zone of the Betics, with spatial development controlled by contrasts in lithosphere rheology, demonstrate that at least two extensional events have affected the orogenic evolution of the Betics. The first event appears to reflect Oligocene-Early Miocene rifting observed throughout the Western Mediterranean. The second phase, which caused the present configuration of the Betics, corresponds to Tortonian-Recent extension centered in the Alboran Basin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-75
Number of pages10
JournalGeo-Marine Letters
Volume12
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Keywords

  • SE SPAIN
  • EVOLUTION
  • MIOCENE
  • LITHOSPHERE
  • CORDILLERAS
  • TECTONICS
  • HISTORY
  • UPLIFT
  • ZONE

Cite this

CLOETINGH, S., VANDERBEEK, P. A., VANREES, D., ROEP, T. B., BIERMANN, C., STEPHENSON, R. A., & Stephenson, R. (1992). FLEXURAL INTERACTION AND THE DYNAMICS OF NEOGENE EXTENSIONAL BASIN FORMATION IN THE ALBORAN-BETIC REGION. Geo-Marine Letters, 12(2-3), 66-75.