The paper outlines the current trends and challenges in studies of flow-biota interactions particularly focusing on freshwater aquatic systems. The multiple scales and a variety of mechanisms involving hydrodynamic, biomechanical and ecological processes differentiate these interactions from conventionally studied flow-structure interaction problems, and highlight the methodological and conceptual challenges to be resolved. The appearance of new promising measurement capabilities (e.g., use of high-resolution laboratory and field panoramic and stereoscopic PIV at a variety of scales), employment of advanced turbulence concepts in flow-biota considerations, accelerated advances in organism biomechanics, and developments in multiscale descriptions of multi-component systems represent the current trends that are briefly discussed and illustrated with case studies. These trends reflect the emergence of a new inter-discipline subject area - Hydrodynamics of Aquatic Ecosystems - that can be defined as a study of flow-organism interactions in running waters with particular focus on relevant transport processes and mutual physical impacts occurring at multiple scales from the sub-organism scale to the organism patch mosaic scale.
|Title of host publication||Environmental Fluid Mechanics|
|Subtitle of host publication||Memorial Volume in honour of Prof. Gerhard H. Jirka|
|Editors||W Rodi, M Uhlmann|
|Number of pages||22|
|Publication status||Published - 28 May 2012|
Nikora, V. I., Cameron, S. M., Albayrak, I., Miler, O., Nikora, N., Siniscalchi, F., Stewart, M., & O'Hare, M. (2012). Flow-biota interactions in aquatic systems: scales, mechanisms, and challenges. In W. Rodi, & M. Uhlmann (Eds.), Environmental Fluid Mechanics: Memorial Volume in honour of Prof. Gerhard H. Jirka (pp. 217-238). (IAHR Monographs). CRC Press/Balkema. https://doi.org/10.1201/b12283