Flow dynamics and ice-berg calving rates of the Devon ice cap, Nunavut, Canada

D. O. Burgess, M. Sharp, Douglas Watson Fraser Mair, J. A. Dowdeswell, T. Benham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The surface velocity field of Devon Ice Cap, Nunavut, Canada, was mapped using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR). Ascending European Remote-sensing Satellite 1 and 2 (ERS-1/-2) tandem mode data were used for the western and southeast sectors, and 3 day repeat pass ERS-1 imagery for the northeast sector. Speckle-tracking procedures were used with RADARSAT 1 imagery to obtain surface velocities over the terminus of Belcher Glacier (a major calving front) where decorrelation between ERS data occurred. The InSAR data highlight a significant contrast in ice-flow dynamics between the east and west sides of the ice cap. Ice movement west of the main north-south divide is dominated by relatively uniform 'sheet' flow, but three fast-flowing outlet glaciers that extend 14-23 km beyond the ice-cap margin also drain this region. Several outlet glaciers that extend up to 60 km inland from the eastern margin drain the eastern side of the ice cap. The dominant ice-flow regimes were classified based on the relationship between the driving stress (averaged over a length scale of ten ice thicknesses) and the ratio of surface velocity to ice thickness. The mapped distribution of flow regimes appears to depict the spatial extent of basal sliding across the ice cap. This is supported by a close relationship between the occurrence of flow stripes on the ice surface and flow regimes where basal sliding was found to be an important component of the glacier motion. iceberg calving rates were computed using measured surface velocities and ice thicknesses derived from airborne radio-echo sounding. The volume of ice calved between 1960 and 1999 was estimated to be 20.5 +/- 4.7 km(3) (or 0.57 km(3) a(-1)). Approximately 89% of this loss occurred along the eastern margin. The largest single source is Belcher Glacier, which accounts for similar to 50% of the total amount of ice calved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-230
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Glaciology
Volume51
Issue number173
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • DIFFERENTIAL RADAR INTERFEROMETRY
  • SURGE-TYPE GLACIERS
  • POLYTHERMAL GLACIER
  • STREAMS
  • SURFACE
  • GREENLAND
  • BENEATH

Cite this

Burgess, D. O., Sharp, M., Mair, D. W. F., Dowdeswell, J. A., & Benham, T. (2005). Flow dynamics and ice-berg calving rates of the Devon ice cap, Nunavut, Canada. Journal of Glaciology, 51(173), 219-230.

Flow dynamics and ice-berg calving rates of the Devon ice cap, Nunavut, Canada. / Burgess, D. O.; Sharp, M.; Mair, Douglas Watson Fraser; Dowdeswell, J. A.; Benham, T.

In: Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 51, No. 173, 2005, p. 219-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burgess, DO, Sharp, M, Mair, DWF, Dowdeswell, JA & Benham, T 2005, 'Flow dynamics and ice-berg calving rates of the Devon ice cap, Nunavut, Canada', Journal of Glaciology, vol. 51, no. 173, pp. 219-230.
Burgess DO, Sharp M, Mair DWF, Dowdeswell JA, Benham T. Flow dynamics and ice-berg calving rates of the Devon ice cap, Nunavut, Canada. Journal of Glaciology. 2005;51(173):219-230.
Burgess, D. O. ; Sharp, M. ; Mair, Douglas Watson Fraser ; Dowdeswell, J. A. ; Benham, T. / Flow dynamics and ice-berg calving rates of the Devon ice cap, Nunavut, Canada. In: Journal of Glaciology. 2005 ; Vol. 51, No. 173. pp. 219-230.
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T1 - Flow dynamics and ice-berg calving rates of the Devon ice cap, Nunavut, Canada

AU - Burgess, D. O.

AU - Sharp, M.

AU - Mair, Douglas Watson Fraser

AU - Dowdeswell, J. A.

AU - Benham, T.

PY - 2005

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N2 - The surface velocity field of Devon Ice Cap, Nunavut, Canada, was mapped using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR). Ascending European Remote-sensing Satellite 1 and 2 (ERS-1/-2) tandem mode data were used for the western and southeast sectors, and 3 day repeat pass ERS-1 imagery for the northeast sector. Speckle-tracking procedures were used with RADARSAT 1 imagery to obtain surface velocities over the terminus of Belcher Glacier (a major calving front) where decorrelation between ERS data occurred. The InSAR data highlight a significant contrast in ice-flow dynamics between the east and west sides of the ice cap. Ice movement west of the main north-south divide is dominated by relatively uniform 'sheet' flow, but three fast-flowing outlet glaciers that extend 14-23 km beyond the ice-cap margin also drain this region. Several outlet glaciers that extend up to 60 km inland from the eastern margin drain the eastern side of the ice cap. The dominant ice-flow regimes were classified based on the relationship between the driving stress (averaged over a length scale of ten ice thicknesses) and the ratio of surface velocity to ice thickness. The mapped distribution of flow regimes appears to depict the spatial extent of basal sliding across the ice cap. This is supported by a close relationship between the occurrence of flow stripes on the ice surface and flow regimes where basal sliding was found to be an important component of the glacier motion. iceberg calving rates were computed using measured surface velocities and ice thicknesses derived from airborne radio-echo sounding. The volume of ice calved between 1960 and 1999 was estimated to be 20.5 +/- 4.7 km(3) (or 0.57 km(3) a(-1)). Approximately 89% of this loss occurred along the eastern margin. The largest single source is Belcher Glacier, which accounts for similar to 50% of the total amount of ice calved.

AB - The surface velocity field of Devon Ice Cap, Nunavut, Canada, was mapped using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR). Ascending European Remote-sensing Satellite 1 and 2 (ERS-1/-2) tandem mode data were used for the western and southeast sectors, and 3 day repeat pass ERS-1 imagery for the northeast sector. Speckle-tracking procedures were used with RADARSAT 1 imagery to obtain surface velocities over the terminus of Belcher Glacier (a major calving front) where decorrelation between ERS data occurred. The InSAR data highlight a significant contrast in ice-flow dynamics between the east and west sides of the ice cap. Ice movement west of the main north-south divide is dominated by relatively uniform 'sheet' flow, but three fast-flowing outlet glaciers that extend 14-23 km beyond the ice-cap margin also drain this region. Several outlet glaciers that extend up to 60 km inland from the eastern margin drain the eastern side of the ice cap. The dominant ice-flow regimes were classified based on the relationship between the driving stress (averaged over a length scale of ten ice thicknesses) and the ratio of surface velocity to ice thickness. The mapped distribution of flow regimes appears to depict the spatial extent of basal sliding across the ice cap. This is supported by a close relationship between the occurrence of flow stripes on the ice surface and flow regimes where basal sliding was found to be an important component of the glacier motion. iceberg calving rates were computed using measured surface velocities and ice thicknesses derived from airborne radio-echo sounding. The volume of ice calved between 1960 and 1999 was estimated to be 20.5 +/- 4.7 km(3) (or 0.57 km(3) a(-1)). Approximately 89% of this loss occurred along the eastern margin. The largest single source is Belcher Glacier, which accounts for similar to 50% of the total amount of ice calved.

KW - DIFFERENTIAL RADAR INTERFEROMETRY

KW - SURGE-TYPE GLACIERS

KW - POLYTHERMAL GLACIER

KW - STREAMS

KW - SURFACE

KW - GREENLAND

KW - BENEATH

M3 - Article

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EP - 230

JO - Journal of Glaciology

JF - Journal of Glaciology

SN - 0022-1430

IS - 173

ER -