Flow–seaweed interactions

a laboratory study using blade models

Davide Vettori*, Vladimir Nikora

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Flow–vegetation interactions is an interdisciplinary research area with applications in the management of coastal waters, lakes, and watercourses. Due to an emerging interest in the cultivation of seaweeds, this study seeks to develop a sound understanding of the physical interactions between flow and seaweeds. This is achieved via experiments in a laboratory flume using plastic-made models of blades of the seaweed species Saccharina latissima. In the experiments, strain gages, a digital camera, and acoustic Doppler velocimeters were used for measuring drag forces, blade movements (reconfiguration), and flow velocities. The study involved experiments with single blades and with pairs of tandem blades at different spacing between the blades. The revealed mechanisms controlling the dynamics of seaweed blade models varied depending on the ratio of blade length to eddy length scale. The drag coefficient of seaweed blade models appeared to be dependent on the Reynolds number, the Cauchy number, and the ratio of blade length to integral turbulence length scale. Turbulence had a primary role in controlling blade model dynamics and its drag coefficient. Seaweed blade models affected the flow in their wakes by increasing the turbulence intensity and reducing the mean longitudinal velocity. These effects on the flow are the reason for which, in a pair of tandem blades, the drag force experienced by the downstream blade is lower than that experienced by the upstream blade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-636
Number of pages26
JournalEnvironmental Fluid Mechanics
Volume18
Issue number3
Early online date2 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

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Seaweed
seaweed
Turbulence
drag coefficient
turbulence
Drag coefficient
drag
Drag
Flow interactions
Velocimeters
experiment
Experiments
Digital cameras
Strain gages
Reynolds number
Flow velocity
flow velocity
Lakes
laboratory
coastal water

Keywords

  • Drag force
  • Flow–vegetation interaction
  • Physical modelling
  • Reconfiguration
  • Seaweeds
  • Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Flow–seaweed interactions : a laboratory study using blade models. / Vettori, Davide; Nikora, Vladimir.

In: Environmental Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 18, No. 3, 06.2018, p. 611-636.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Flow–vegetation interactions is an interdisciplinary research area with applications in the management of coastal waters, lakes, and watercourses. Due to an emerging interest in the cultivation of seaweeds, this study seeks to develop a sound understanding of the physical interactions between flow and seaweeds. This is achieved via experiments in a laboratory flume using plastic-made models of blades of the seaweed species Saccharina latissima. In the experiments, strain gages, a digital camera, and acoustic Doppler velocimeters were used for measuring drag forces, blade movements (reconfiguration), and flow velocities. The study involved experiments with single blades and with pairs of tandem blades at different spacing between the blades. The revealed mechanisms controlling the dynamics of seaweed blade models varied depending on the ratio of blade length to eddy length scale. The drag coefficient of seaweed blade models appeared to be dependent on the Reynolds number, the Cauchy number, and the ratio of blade length to integral turbulence length scale. Turbulence had a primary role in controlling blade model dynamics and its drag coefficient. Seaweed blade models affected the flow in their wakes by increasing the turbulence intensity and reducing the mean longitudinal velocity. These effects on the flow are the reason for which, in a pair of tandem blades, the drag force experienced by the downstream blade is lower than that experienced by the upstream blade.",
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