Forceps delivery for non-rotational and rotational operative vaginal delivery

Mairead Black, Deirdre J. Murphy (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Forceps are a commonly used instrument for assisting vaginal birth. Accepted indications include prolonged labour, suspected foetal distress and maternal medical conditions that benefit from a shortened second stage of labour. Maternal and offspring outcomes of forceps-assisted birth have been extensively reported in observational studies, but randomised trial evidence is limited. Forceps-assisted delivery has a lower failure rate than vacuum-assisted delivery but is associated with a higher incidence of maternal pelvic floor trauma. Second-stage caesarean section is associated with less foetal-neonatal trauma than forceps-assisted delivery but markedly reduces the chance of a subsequent vaginal birth. This review outlines the existing evidence on prevention, indications and contraindications for forceps-assisted birth (non-rotational and rotational), short- and long-term complications for mother and baby, alternatives to use of forceps and how to manage an abandoned forceps-assisted birth. The essential components of informed consent are also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-68
Number of pages14
JournalBest Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Volume56
Early online date11 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Surgical Instruments
Parturition
Mothers
Second Labor Stage
Fetal Distress
Pelvic Floor
Wounds and Injuries
Vacuum
Informed Consent
Cesarean Section
Observational Studies
Incidence

Keywords

  • Forceps-assisted delivery
  • Rotational forceps
  • Sequential instruments
  • Second-stage caesarean birth
  • Foetal impaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

Forceps delivery for non-rotational and rotational operative vaginal delivery. / Black, Mairead; Murphy, Deirdre J. (Corresponding Author).

In: Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Vol. 56, 30.04.2019, p. 55-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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