Injectable fish vaccines are mainly based on inactivated antigens which require an adjuvant to trigger a strong immune response.
- Inactivated vaccine
Veenstra, K., Ionkoff, G., Imbault, H., Versille, N., Ben Arous, J., & Secombes, C. J. (2019). Formulation of A. salmonidda adjuvanted vaccine for rainbow trout: Impact of the adjuvant oil origin. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 91, 452-453. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2019.04.241