Frequency effects in spoken and visual word recognition: Evidence from dual-task methodologies

Alexandra Alice Cleland, M. G. Gaskell, P. T. Quinlan, J. Tamminen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors report 3 dual-task experiments concerning the locus of frequency effects in word recognition. In all experiments, Task 1 entailed a simple perceptual choice and Task 2 involved lexical decision. In Experiment 1, an underadditive effect of word frequency arose for spoken words. Experiment 2 also showed underadditivity for visual lexical decision. It was concluded that word frequency exerts an influence prior to any dual-task bottleneck. A related finding in similar dual-task experiments is Task 2 response postponement at short stimulus onset asynchronies. This was explored in Experiment 3, and it was shown that response postponement was equivalent for both spoken and visual word recognition. These results imply that frequency-sensitive processes operate early and automatically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-119
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

Keywords

  • psychological refractory period
  • frequency
  • word recognition
  • FIXED-EFFECT FALLACY
  • CHRONOMETRIC EVIDENCE
  • CENTRAL POSTPONEMENT
  • DIVIDED ATTENTION
  • SPEECH-PERCEPTION
  • ACTIVATION MODEL
  • LEXICAL ACCESS
  • INTERFERENCE
  • BOTTLENECK
  • PERFORMANCE

Cite this

Frequency effects in spoken and visual word recognition: Evidence from dual-task methodologies. / Cleland, Alexandra Alice; Gaskell, M. G.; Quinlan, P. T.; Tamminen, J.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Vol. 32, No. 1, 02.2006, p. 104-119.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{bdb66e6f99214b1bb54dd81aea7e200e,
title = "Frequency effects in spoken and visual word recognition: Evidence from dual-task methodologies",
abstract = "The authors report 3 dual-task experiments concerning the locus of frequency effects in word recognition. In all experiments, Task 1 entailed a simple perceptual choice and Task 2 involved lexical decision. In Experiment 1, an underadditive effect of word frequency arose for spoken words. Experiment 2 also showed underadditivity for visual lexical decision. It was concluded that word frequency exerts an influence prior to any dual-task bottleneck. A related finding in similar dual-task experiments is Task 2 response postponement at short stimulus onset asynchronies. This was explored in Experiment 3, and it was shown that response postponement was equivalent for both spoken and visual word recognition. These results imply that frequency-sensitive processes operate early and automatically.",
keywords = "psychological refractory period, frequency, word recognition, FIXED-EFFECT FALLACY, CHRONOMETRIC EVIDENCE, CENTRAL POSTPONEMENT, DIVIDED ATTENTION, SPEECH-PERCEPTION, ACTIVATION MODEL, LEXICAL ACCESS, INTERFERENCE, BOTTLENECK, PERFORMANCE",
author = "Cleland, {Alexandra Alice} and Gaskell, {M. G.} and Quinlan, {P. T.} and J. Tamminen",
year = "2006",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1037/0096-1523.32.1.104",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "104--119",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance",
issn = "0096-1523",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Frequency effects in spoken and visual word recognition: Evidence from dual-task methodologies

AU - Cleland, Alexandra Alice

AU - Gaskell, M. G.

AU - Quinlan, P. T.

AU - Tamminen, J.

PY - 2006/2

Y1 - 2006/2

N2 - The authors report 3 dual-task experiments concerning the locus of frequency effects in word recognition. In all experiments, Task 1 entailed a simple perceptual choice and Task 2 involved lexical decision. In Experiment 1, an underadditive effect of word frequency arose for spoken words. Experiment 2 also showed underadditivity for visual lexical decision. It was concluded that word frequency exerts an influence prior to any dual-task bottleneck. A related finding in similar dual-task experiments is Task 2 response postponement at short stimulus onset asynchronies. This was explored in Experiment 3, and it was shown that response postponement was equivalent for both spoken and visual word recognition. These results imply that frequency-sensitive processes operate early and automatically.

AB - The authors report 3 dual-task experiments concerning the locus of frequency effects in word recognition. In all experiments, Task 1 entailed a simple perceptual choice and Task 2 involved lexical decision. In Experiment 1, an underadditive effect of word frequency arose for spoken words. Experiment 2 also showed underadditivity for visual lexical decision. It was concluded that word frequency exerts an influence prior to any dual-task bottleneck. A related finding in similar dual-task experiments is Task 2 response postponement at short stimulus onset asynchronies. This was explored in Experiment 3, and it was shown that response postponement was equivalent for both spoken and visual word recognition. These results imply that frequency-sensitive processes operate early and automatically.

KW - psychological refractory period

KW - frequency

KW - word recognition

KW - FIXED-EFFECT FALLACY

KW - CHRONOMETRIC EVIDENCE

KW - CENTRAL POSTPONEMENT

KW - DIVIDED ATTENTION

KW - SPEECH-PERCEPTION

KW - ACTIVATION MODEL

KW - LEXICAL ACCESS

KW - INTERFERENCE

KW - BOTTLENECK

KW - PERFORMANCE

U2 - 10.1037/0096-1523.32.1.104

DO - 10.1037/0096-1523.32.1.104

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 104

EP - 119

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

SN - 0096-1523

IS - 1

ER -