From hot to cold - the temperature dependence on rock deformation processes: an introduction

Enrique Gomez-Rivas*, Robert W.H. Butler, David Healy, G. Ian Alsop

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Understanding rock deformation processes in solid Earth materials, from the crystal to the tectonic plate scale, is essential for characterising the evolution of the lithosphere and for predicting how rocks behave in the subsurface. Temperature is a key parameter that determines what rock deformation processes are active and therefore how tectonic structures form. Moreover, it controls the migration of fluids and melt in the Earth's crust that lead to phase transformations and changes in rock rheology. This special issue gathers a collection of research papers following the 21st International Conference on Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics, which was held in Inverness (Scotland) in April-May 2017, organised by the University of Aberdeen. These contributions provide a significant advance in the study of rock deformation and fluid/melt migration at multiple crustal levels, from deformation bands near the Earth's surface to shear zones in partially molten rocks in the lower crust. In this introductory article, we first provide an overview of how temperature controls deformation mechanisms and then introduce the collection of research papers ordered from those analysing deformation processes occurring at high temperatures to contributions reporting deformation at shallow crustal conditions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Structural Geology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 3 Jan 2020

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rock
temperature
deformation mechanism
rheology
melt
tectonic plate
solid Earth
fluid
tectonic structure
lower crust
shear zone
cold
lithosphere
crystal
tectonics
material
earth's crust
parameter

Cite this

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title = "From hot to cold - the temperature dependence on rock deformation processes: an introduction",
abstract = "Understanding rock deformation processes in solid Earth materials, from the crystal to the tectonic plate scale, is essential for characterising the evolution of the lithosphere and for predicting how rocks behave in the subsurface. Temperature is a key parameter that determines what rock deformation processes are active and therefore how tectonic structures form. Moreover, it controls the migration of fluids and melt in the Earth's crust that lead to phase transformations and changes in rock rheology. This special issue gathers a collection of research papers following the 21st International Conference on Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics, which was held in Inverness (Scotland) in April-May 2017, organised by the University of Aberdeen. These contributions provide a significant advance in the study of rock deformation and fluid/melt migration at multiple crustal levels, from deformation bands near the Earth's surface to shear zones in partially molten rocks in the lower crust. In this introductory article, we first provide an overview of how temperature controls deformation mechanisms and then introduce the collection of research papers ordered from those analysing deformation processes occurring at high temperatures to contributions reporting deformation at shallow crustal conditions.",
author = "Enrique Gomez-Rivas and Butler, {Robert W.H.} and David Healy and Alsop, {G. Ian}",
note = "Acknowledgements We thank Bill Dunne for his work as Journal of Structural Geology overseeing editor, and to all the reviewers of manuscripts submitted to this special issue. We gratefully acknowledge Richard D. Law, Paul D. Bons, Albert Griera and Maria-Gema Llorens for reviewing this article prior to submission. The programme, abstract and field excursion guides for the DRT-2017 Inverness conference are available at: https://www.abdn.ac.uk/geosciences/events/downloads-1112.php.",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "3",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Structural Geology",
issn = "0191-8141",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - From hot to cold - the temperature dependence on rock deformation processes

T2 - an introduction

AU - Gomez-Rivas, Enrique

AU - Butler, Robert W.H.

AU - Healy, David

AU - Alsop, G. Ian

N1 - Acknowledgements We thank Bill Dunne for his work as Journal of Structural Geology overseeing editor, and to all the reviewers of manuscripts submitted to this special issue. We gratefully acknowledge Richard D. Law, Paul D. Bons, Albert Griera and Maria-Gema Llorens for reviewing this article prior to submission. The programme, abstract and field excursion guides for the DRT-2017 Inverness conference are available at: https://www.abdn.ac.uk/geosciences/events/downloads-1112.php.

PY - 2020/1/3

Y1 - 2020/1/3

N2 - Understanding rock deformation processes in solid Earth materials, from the crystal to the tectonic plate scale, is essential for characterising the evolution of the lithosphere and for predicting how rocks behave in the subsurface. Temperature is a key parameter that determines what rock deformation processes are active and therefore how tectonic structures form. Moreover, it controls the migration of fluids and melt in the Earth's crust that lead to phase transformations and changes in rock rheology. This special issue gathers a collection of research papers following the 21st International Conference on Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics, which was held in Inverness (Scotland) in April-May 2017, organised by the University of Aberdeen. These contributions provide a significant advance in the study of rock deformation and fluid/melt migration at multiple crustal levels, from deformation bands near the Earth's surface to shear zones in partially molten rocks in the lower crust. In this introductory article, we first provide an overview of how temperature controls deformation mechanisms and then introduce the collection of research papers ordered from those analysing deformation processes occurring at high temperatures to contributions reporting deformation at shallow crustal conditions.

AB - Understanding rock deformation processes in solid Earth materials, from the crystal to the tectonic plate scale, is essential for characterising the evolution of the lithosphere and for predicting how rocks behave in the subsurface. Temperature is a key parameter that determines what rock deformation processes are active and therefore how tectonic structures form. Moreover, it controls the migration of fluids and melt in the Earth's crust that lead to phase transformations and changes in rock rheology. This special issue gathers a collection of research papers following the 21st International Conference on Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics, which was held in Inverness (Scotland) in April-May 2017, organised by the University of Aberdeen. These contributions provide a significant advance in the study of rock deformation and fluid/melt migration at multiple crustal levels, from deformation bands near the Earth's surface to shear zones in partially molten rocks in the lower crust. In this introductory article, we first provide an overview of how temperature controls deformation mechanisms and then introduce the collection of research papers ordered from those analysing deformation processes occurring at high temperatures to contributions reporting deformation at shallow crustal conditions.

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Structural Geology

JF - Journal of Structural Geology

SN - 0191-8141

ER -