FTY720 in corneal concordant xenotransplantation

K Sedlakova, E Muckersie, M Robertson, M Filipec, J V Forrester

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Currently, there are no effective treatments for the control of corneal xenograft rejection. We evaluated the efficacy and mode of action of a novel immunosuppressant, FTY720, in a model of corneal xenograft transplantation. Methods. Rat-to-mouse corneal xenografts were performed and the effects of treatment with daily intraperitoneal injections of FTY720 (0.5 or 3.0 mg/kg/day) or saline from 2 days pretransplantation were assessed clinically. Immunohistochemical studies of the grafts and flow cytometry of the draining lymph node subpopulations were performed at the time of clinical rejection. Results. Treatment with FTY720 delayed the onset of corneal rejection, from 8 days postgraft in saline-treated mice to 12.0 +/- 0.89 days for low-dose FTY720 treatment and 15.6 +/- 3.1 days for high-dose FTY720 treatment (both P<0.001). Histologically, FTY-treated animals had a markedly reduced inflammatory response in the anterior chamber and cornea after replacement of the xenograft epithelium with normal healthy host epithelium. In contrast, saline-treated xenografts had persisting corneal epithelial defects and ulceration. In the draining lymph nodes, FTY720 not only inhibited the increase in the cell number observed in saline-treated recipients of xenografts, but also reduced the expression of activation markers on B cells (MHC class II and CD86). Conclusions. FTY720 treatment significantly delayed rejection and decreased its severity in a dose-dependent manner in a rat-to-mouse model of corneal xenotransplantation. Since corneal xenograft rejection is mediated not by natural antibodies or CD8+ T cells directly, but by CD4+ T cells, the data from these experiments imply that FTY720 mediated its effect via CD4+ T cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-303
Number of pages7
JournalTransplantation
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2005

Keywords

  • xenotransplantation
  • cornea
  • FTY720
  • mouse
  • rat
  • epithelium
  • circulating mature lymphocytes
  • CD4(+) T-Cells
  • immunosuppressant FTY720
  • sphingosine 1-phosphate
  • xenograft rejection
  • allograft survival
  • graft-rejection
  • murine model
  • RAT MODEL
  • mice

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