Functional interaction between Sequestosome-1/p62 and Autophagy-Linked FYVE-containing protein WDFY3 in human osteoclasts

Lynne J. Hocking, David J. Mellis, Paul S. McCabe, Miep H. Helfrich, Michael J. Rogers

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Abstract

Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is a late-onset disorder characterised by focal areas of increased bone resorption, with osteoclasts that are increased in size, multinuclearity, number and activity PDB-causing missense and nonsense variants in the gene encoding Sequestosome-1/p62 (SQSTM1) have been identified, all of which cluster in and around the ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domain of the protein SQSTM1 is ubiquitously expressed and there is, as yet, no clear reason why these mutations only appear to cause an osteoclast-related phenotype

Using co-immunoprecipitation and tandem mass spectrometry, we identified a novel interaction in human osteoclast-like cells between SQSTM1 and Autophagy-Linked FYVE domain-containing protein (ALFY/WDFY3) Endogenous ALFY and SQSTM1 both localised within the nuclei of osteoclasts and their mononuclear precursors. When osteoclasts were starved to induce autophagy, SQSTM1 and ALIN relocated to the cytoplasm where they formed large aggregates, with cytoplasmic relocalisation appearing more rapid in mature osteoclasts than in precursors in the same culture Overexpression of wild-type SQSTM1 in HEK293 cells also resulted in the formation of cytoplasmic aggregates containing SQSTM1 and endogenous ALFY. as did overexpression of a PDB-causing missense mutant form of SQSTM1, indicating that this mutation does not impair the formation of SQSTM1- and ALIN-containing aggregates

Expression of ALFY in bone cells has not previously been reported, and the process of autophagy has not been studied with respect to osteoclast activity We have identified a functional interaction between SQSTM1 and ALFY in osteoclasts under conditions of cell stress The difference in response to starvation between mature osteoclasts and their precursors may begin to explain the cell-specific functional effects of SQSTM1 mutations in PDB (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-548
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume402
Issue number3
Early online date22 Oct 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Sequestosome-1
  • Autophagy-Linked FYVE domain protein
  • WD repeat and FYVE domain containing 3
  • Paget's disease of bone
  • Osteoclast
  • Autophagy
  • Paget's-Disease
  • SQSTM1 mutations
  • bone
  • ALFY
  • degradation
  • P62/SQSTM1
  • pheniotypes
  • pride
  • gene

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