Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft

David Inglis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Abstract

Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft are a pair of concepts normally translated into English from German as “community” and “society.” The terms were originally coined by the German social and political theorist Ferdinand Tönnies (1855–1936). They came subsequently to be highly influential in German‐speaking social theory. The terms were systematically propounded in Tönnies's first book, entitled Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft (1887). This work was indebted to, among others, Hobbes, Adam Smith, Tocqueville, Marx, Nietzsche, and Carlyle. These writers furnished Tönnies with a vocabulary to describe what he saw as the key contemporary sociopolitical issue, namely the shift from more “community”‐oriented to more “individualistic” forms of thought and practice in western Europe since around the sixteenth century.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Encyclopedia of Political Thought
EditorsMichael T. Gibbons, Diana Coole, Elisabeth Ellis, Kennan Ferguson
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
ISBN (Electronic)9781118474396
ISBN (Print)9781405191296
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

Fingerprint

Vocabulary
Theorists
Alexis De Tocqueville
Writer
Social Theory
Thought
Friedrich Nietzsche
Thomas Hobbes
Adam Smith
Karl Marx

Keywords

  • community
  • Germany
  • social order
  • society

Cite this

Inglis, D. (2014). Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. In M. T. Gibbons, D. Coole, E. Ellis, & K. Ferguson (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Political Thought Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell . https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118474396.wbept0410

Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. / Inglis, David.

The Encyclopedia of Political Thought. ed. / Michael T. Gibbons; Diana Coole; Elisabeth Ellis; Kennan Ferguson. Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell , 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Inglis, D 2014, Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. in MT Gibbons, D Coole, E Ellis & K Ferguson (eds), The Encyclopedia of Political Thought. Wiley-Blackwell , Oxford. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118474396.wbept0410
Inglis D. Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. In Gibbons MT, Coole D, Ellis E, Ferguson K, editors, The Encyclopedia of Political Thought. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell . 2014 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118474396.wbept0410
Inglis, David. / Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. The Encyclopedia of Political Thought. editor / Michael T. Gibbons ; Diana Coole ; Elisabeth Ellis ; Kennan Ferguson. Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell , 2014.
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