Genetic diversity of North American populations of Cristatella mucedo, inferred from microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA

J R Freeland, L R Noble, B Okamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research over the past 20 years has shown, with the help of molecular markers, that the population genetics and distribution patterns of freshwater invertebrates in North America are often more complex than was previously believed. Were we extend this research to an, as yet, unstudied but widespread and common group, the freshwater bryozoans. Colonies of the bryozoan Cristatella mucedo were collected from a number of lakes across central North America, and were characterized genetically by analysis of microsatellite loci and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cytochrome b sequences. The microsatellites illustrate a pattern of generally diverse and highly differentiated populations that contain little evidence of recent gene flow. The mtDNA sequences yielded highly variable levels of divergence, ranging from 0.0 to 8.8% within populations, and 0.0 to 9.8% among populations. The multiple divergent mtDNA lineages within populations provide evidence for repeated colonization events. The lack of clustering of haplotypes by site suggests that there has been widespread dispersal of multiple genetic lineages since the last ice age. While some of the haplotype lineages may have evolved in disjunct glacial refugia, the maximum levels of divergence predate the time since the last glacial-interglacial cycles. It is likely that multiple factors including vicariance events, patterns of dispersal, localized extinction, and an unusual life history, explain the unique phylogeographic patterns evident today in populations of C. mucedo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1375-1389
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular Ecology
Volume9
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • cytochrome b
  • freshwater bryozoans
  • genetic diversity
  • life history
  • microsatellites
  • population genetics
  • FRESH-WATER BRYOZOAN
  • SNAIL POTAMOPYRGUS-ANTIPODARUM
  • BREEDING-SYSTEM VARIATION
  • CLONAL DIVERSITY
  • DAPHNIA-PULEX
  • FLUCTUATING SELECTION
  • POSTGLACIAL DISPERSAL
  • POLYPHYLETIC ORIGINS
  • NATURAL-POPULATIONS
  • EVOLUTION

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