Glycolipids from Natural Sources: Dry Liquid Crystal Properties, Hydrogen Bonding and Molecular Mobility of Palm Kernel Oil Mannosides

Alfonso Martinez-Felipe, Thamil Selvi Velayutham, Nurul Fadhilah Kamalul Aripin*, Marina Yusoff, Emma Farquharson, Rauzah Hashim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glycolipids prepared from palm kernel oil, PKO, in tropical regions represent an excellent opportunity to develop new surfactant formulations for cosmeceutical and pharmaceutical applications while contributing to sustainable economies. Here we report the synthesis of a new mannoside obtained from palm kernel oil, aManPKO, and we characterise its thermotropic properties by using DSC, POM, SAXS, WAXS, FT-IR and broadband dielectric spectroscopy. aManPKO exhibits a monotropic smectic phase with a partially interdigitated bilayer structure, similar to its major unsaturated component, the oleyl mannoside with a C18:1 monounsaturated alkyl chain. The smectic phase of aManPKO vitrifies below room temperature, which is associated to the C18:1 component, but also to the activation of short-range motions, ~4 Å, by cleavage of strong hydrogen bonding between the polar heads of the mannosides. The stability of the liquid crystal phase, on the other hand, is linked to the presence of weak hydrogen bonding, whose breakage leads to the activation of long rate motions in the range of the layer distances, ~39 Å.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1180-1194
Number of pages15
JournalLiquid Crystals
Volume47
Issue number8
Early online date26 Apr 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Glycolipid
  • Palm kernel oil
  • Hydrogen bond
  • carbohydrate liquid crystals
  • FT-IR
  • Dielectric spectroscopy
  • dielectric spectroscopy
  • ACIDS
  • SIDE-CHAIN
  • CONFIGURATION
  • LYOTROPIC PROPERTIES
  • CHAIN ALKYL GLYCOPYRANOSIDES
  • THERMOTROPIC PHASE-BEHAVIOR
  • SPECTROSCOPY
  • NANOSTRUCTURED LIPID CARRIERS
  • DIELECTRIC-RELAXATION BEHAVIOR
  • hydrogen bond
  • WATER

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