Gravity and magnetic modelling in the Vrancea Zone, south-eastern Carpathians: redefinition of the edge of the East European Craton beneath the south-eastern Carpathians

A. Bocin, R. Stephenson, L. Matenco, V. Mocanu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


A 2D gravity and magnetic data model has been constructed along a 71. km densely observed profile, called DACIA PLAN GRAV MAN's. The profile crosses part of the nappe pile of the south-eastern Carpathians and includes the seismically active Vrancea Zone and was acquired with the objective to illuminate the basement structure and affinity in this area. The modelling approach was to create an initial model from well constrained geological information, integrate it with previous seismic ray tracing and tomographic models and then alter it outside the a priori constraints in order to reach the best fit between observed and calculated potential field anomalies. The results support a realignment of the position of the TTZ (Tornquist-Teisseyre Zone), the profound tectonic boundary within Europe that separates Precambrian cratonic lithosphere of the East European Craton (EEC) from younger accreted lithosphere of Phanerozoic mobile belts to its west. The TTZ is shown to lie further to the south-west than was previously inferred within Romania, where it is largely obscured by the Carpathian nappes. The crust of the EEC beneath the south-eastern Carpathians is inferred to terminate along a major crustal structure lying just west of the Vrancea seismogenic zone. The intermediate depth seismicity of the Vrancea Zone therefore lies within the EEC lithosphere, generally supporting previously proposed models invoking delamination of cratonic lithosphere as the responsible mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-64
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Geodynamics
Early online date21 Aug 2013
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013



  • Vrancea zone
  • Tornquist–Teisseyre zone
  • East European craton
  • potential fields modelling
  • lithosphere structure

Cite this