Grassland soils serve as a biological sink and source of the potent greenhouse gases (GHG) methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O). The underlying mechanisms responsible for those GHG emissions, specifically, the relationships between methane- and ammonia- oxidizing microorganisms in grazed grassland soils are still poorly understood. Here, we characterized the effects of grazing on in situ GHG emissions and elucidated the putative relations between the active microbes involving in methane oxidation and nitrification activity in grassland soils. Grazing significantly decreases CH4 emissions while it increases N2O emissions basing on 14- month in situ measurement. DNA-based stable isotope probing (SIP) incubation experiment shows that grazing decreases both methane oxidation and nitrification processes and decreases the diversity of active methanotrophs and nitrifiers, and subsequently weakens the putative competition between active methanotrophs and nitrifiers in grassland soils. These results constitute a major advance in our understanding of putative relationships between methane- and ammonia-oxidizing microorganisms and subsequent effects on nitrification and methane oxidation, which contribute to a better prediction and modeling of future balance of GHG emissions and active microbial communities in grazed grassland ecosystems.