Greenhouse gas mitigation potentials in the livestock sector

Mario Herrero, Benjamin Henderson, Petr Havlík, Philip K. Thornton, Richard T. Conant, Pete Smith, Stefan Wirsenius, Alexander N. Hristov, Pierre Gerber, Margaret Gill, Klaus Butterbach-Bahl, Hugo Valin, Tara Garnett, Elke Stehfest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

166 Citations (Scopus)
27 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The livestock sector supports about 1.3 billion producers and retailers, and contributes 40–50% of agricultural GDP. We estimated that between 1995 and 2005, the livestock sector was responsible for greenhouse gas emissions of 5.6–7.5 GtCO2e yr−1. Livestock accounts for up to half of the technical mitigation potential of the agriculture, forestry and land-use sectors, through management options that sustainably intensify livestock production, promote carbon sequestration in rangelands and reduce emissions from manures, and through reductions in the demand for livestock products. The economic potential of these management alternatives is less than 10% of what is technically possible because of adoption constraints, costs and numerous trade-offs. The mitigation potential of reductions in livestock product consumption is large, but their economic potential is unknown at present. More research and investment are needed to increase the affordability and adoption of mitigation practices, to moderate consumption of livestock products where appropriate, and to avoid negative impacts on livelihoods, economic activities and the environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-461
Number of pages10
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume6
Early online date21 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2016

Fingerprint

livestock
greenhouse gas
mitigation
economics
management
forestry
livelihood
adoption constraint
producer
land use
agriculture
present
demand
livestock farming
costs
rangeland
Gross Domestic Product
economic activity
carbon sequestration
manure

Cite this

Herrero, M., Henderson, B., Havlík, P., Thornton, P. K., Conant, R. T., Smith, P., ... Stehfest, E. (2016). Greenhouse gas mitigation potentials in the livestock sector. Nature Climate Change, 6, 452-461. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2925

Greenhouse gas mitigation potentials in the livestock sector. / Herrero, Mario; Henderson, Benjamin; Havlík, Petr ; Thornton, Philip K. ; Conant, Richard T. ; Smith, Pete; Wirsenius, Stefan; Hristov, Alexander N. ; Gerber, Pierre; Gill, Margaret; Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus; Valin, Hugo; Garnett, Tara; Stehfest, Elke.

In: Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, 05.2016, p. 452-461.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Herrero, M, Henderson, B, Havlík, P, Thornton, PK, Conant, RT, Smith, P, Wirsenius, S, Hristov, AN, Gerber, P, Gill, M, Butterbach-Bahl, K, Valin, H, Garnett, T & Stehfest, E 2016, 'Greenhouse gas mitigation potentials in the livestock sector', Nature Climate Change, vol. 6, pp. 452-461. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2925
Herrero M, Henderson B, Havlík P, Thornton PK, Conant RT, Smith P et al. Greenhouse gas mitigation potentials in the livestock sector. Nature Climate Change. 2016 May;6:452-461. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2925
Herrero, Mario ; Henderson, Benjamin ; Havlík, Petr ; Thornton, Philip K. ; Conant, Richard T. ; Smith, Pete ; Wirsenius, Stefan ; Hristov, Alexander N. ; Gerber, Pierre ; Gill, Margaret ; Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus ; Valin, Hugo ; Garnett, Tara ; Stehfest, Elke. / Greenhouse gas mitigation potentials in the livestock sector. In: Nature Climate Change. 2016 ; Vol. 6. pp. 452-461.
@article{94c0011ff862429a88f0b12be469183c,
title = "Greenhouse gas mitigation potentials in the livestock sector",
abstract = "The livestock sector supports about 1.3 billion producers and retailers, and contributes 40–50{\%} of agricultural GDP. We estimated that between 1995 and 2005, the livestock sector was responsible for greenhouse gas emissions of 5.6–7.5 GtCO2e yr−1. Livestock accounts for up to half of the technical mitigation potential of the agriculture, forestry and land-use sectors, through management options that sustainably intensify livestock production, promote carbon sequestration in rangelands and reduce emissions from manures, and through reductions in the demand for livestock products. The economic potential of these management alternatives is less than 10{\%} of what is technically possible because of adoption constraints, costs and numerous trade-offs. The mitigation potential of reductions in livestock product consumption is large, but their economic potential is unknown at present. More research and investment are needed to increase the affordability and adoption of mitigation practices, to moderate consumption of livestock products where appropriate, and to avoid negative impacts on livelihoods, economic activities and the environment.",
author = "Mario Herrero and Benjamin Henderson and Petr Havl{\'i}k and Thornton, {Philip K.} and Conant, {Richard T.} and Pete Smith and Stefan Wirsenius and Hristov, {Alexander N.} and Pierre Gerber and Margaret Gill and Klaus Butterbach-Bahl and Hugo Valin and Tara Garnett and Elke Stehfest",
note = "Acknowledgements This paper constitutes an output of the Belmont Forum/FACCE-JPI funded DEVIL project (NE/M021327/1). Financial support from the CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and the EU-FP7 AnimalChange project is also recognized. P.K.T. acknowledges the support of a CSIRO McMaster Research Fellowship.",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1038/nclimate2925",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "452--461",
journal = "Nature Climate Change",
issn = "1758-678X",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Greenhouse gas mitigation potentials in the livestock sector

AU - Herrero, Mario

AU - Henderson, Benjamin

AU - Havlík, Petr

AU - Thornton, Philip K.

AU - Conant, Richard T.

AU - Smith, Pete

AU - Wirsenius, Stefan

AU - Hristov, Alexander N.

AU - Gerber, Pierre

AU - Gill, Margaret

AU - Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus

AU - Valin, Hugo

AU - Garnett, Tara

AU - Stehfest, Elke

N1 - Acknowledgements This paper constitutes an output of the Belmont Forum/FACCE-JPI funded DEVIL project (NE/M021327/1). Financial support from the CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and the EU-FP7 AnimalChange project is also recognized. P.K.T. acknowledges the support of a CSIRO McMaster Research Fellowship.

PY - 2016/5

Y1 - 2016/5

N2 - The livestock sector supports about 1.3 billion producers and retailers, and contributes 40–50% of agricultural GDP. We estimated that between 1995 and 2005, the livestock sector was responsible for greenhouse gas emissions of 5.6–7.5 GtCO2e yr−1. Livestock accounts for up to half of the technical mitigation potential of the agriculture, forestry and land-use sectors, through management options that sustainably intensify livestock production, promote carbon sequestration in rangelands and reduce emissions from manures, and through reductions in the demand for livestock products. The economic potential of these management alternatives is less than 10% of what is technically possible because of adoption constraints, costs and numerous trade-offs. The mitigation potential of reductions in livestock product consumption is large, but their economic potential is unknown at present. More research and investment are needed to increase the affordability and adoption of mitigation practices, to moderate consumption of livestock products where appropriate, and to avoid negative impacts on livelihoods, economic activities and the environment.

AB - The livestock sector supports about 1.3 billion producers and retailers, and contributes 40–50% of agricultural GDP. We estimated that between 1995 and 2005, the livestock sector was responsible for greenhouse gas emissions of 5.6–7.5 GtCO2e yr−1. Livestock accounts for up to half of the technical mitigation potential of the agriculture, forestry and land-use sectors, through management options that sustainably intensify livestock production, promote carbon sequestration in rangelands and reduce emissions from manures, and through reductions in the demand for livestock products. The economic potential of these management alternatives is less than 10% of what is technically possible because of adoption constraints, costs and numerous trade-offs. The mitigation potential of reductions in livestock product consumption is large, but their economic potential is unknown at present. More research and investment are needed to increase the affordability and adoption of mitigation practices, to moderate consumption of livestock products where appropriate, and to avoid negative impacts on livelihoods, economic activities and the environment.

U2 - 10.1038/nclimate2925

DO - 10.1038/nclimate2925

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 452

EP - 461

JO - Nature Climate Change

JF - Nature Climate Change

SN - 1758-678X

ER -