Groundwater Resources on Active Basaltic Volcanoes: Conceptual Models from La Réunion Island and Grande Comore

Jean-Lambert Join, Jean-Luc Folio, Anli Bourhane, Jean-Christophe Comte

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

La Réunion Island and Grande Comore are oceanic islands entirely formed by young and still active volcanoes, namely Piton de la Fournaise and Karthala. These geological features are responsible for a particular type of hydrosystem and present a unique challenge regarding the prospection and management of water resources. Young volcanic terrains are composed of lava flows with exceptional hydraulic conductivities. On both islands, despite high levels of precipitation, surface water resources are scarce due to high infiltration rates. Water infiltrates deep into the ground and reaches the water table at an elevation close to sea level. Access to water resources is particularly challenging on these islands due to: (i) the relative absence of perennial surface water resources, (ii) the widespread marine contamination in littoral areas, (iii) the excessive depth of the groundwater table due to high elevations. We present the main results obtained from twenty years of multidisciplinary investigation programs dedicated to groundwater resources development in La Réunion Island. This approach includes geological and hydrogeological investigations, geophysical prospections and geochemical analysis. Results have led us to propose an improved conceptual model describing groundwater resources and to implement a numerical model of groundwater flow applied to Piton de la Fournaise volcano. In the interior of the island, the presence of a piezometric dome reaching a height of over 1200 m above sea level has been revealed and is of major interest for groundwater development plans.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationActive Volcanoes of the Southwest Indian Ocean
Subtitle of host publicationPiton de la Fournaise and Karthala
EditorsPatrick Bachelery, Jean-Francois Lenat, Andrea Di Muro, Laurent Michon
PublisherSpringer
Pages61-70
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-642-31395-0
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-31394-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameActive Volcanoes of the World

Fingerprint

groundwater resource
volcano
water resource
sea level
surface water
groundwater
geological feature
resource development
lava flow
dome
groundwater flow
water table
hydraulic conductivity
infiltration
deep water

Cite this

Join, J-L., Folio, J-L., Bourhane, A., & Comte, J-C. (2016). Groundwater Resources on Active Basaltic Volcanoes: Conceptual Models from La Réunion Island and Grande Comore. In P. Bachelery, J-F. Lenat, A. Di Muro, & L. Michon (Eds.), Active Volcanoes of the Southwest Indian Ocean: Piton de la Fournaise and Karthala (pp. 61-70). (Active Volcanoes of the World). Springer . https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31395-0_5

Groundwater Resources on Active Basaltic Volcanoes : Conceptual Models from La Réunion Island and Grande Comore. / Join, Jean-Lambert; Folio, Jean-Luc; Bourhane, Anli; Comte, Jean-Christophe.

Active Volcanoes of the Southwest Indian Ocean: Piton de la Fournaise and Karthala. ed. / Patrick Bachelery; Jean-Francois Lenat; Andrea Di Muro; Laurent Michon. Springer , 2016. p. 61-70 (Active Volcanoes of the World).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Join, J-L, Folio, J-L, Bourhane, A & Comte, J-C 2016, Groundwater Resources on Active Basaltic Volcanoes: Conceptual Models from La Réunion Island and Grande Comore. in P Bachelery, J-F Lenat, A Di Muro & L Michon (eds), Active Volcanoes of the Southwest Indian Ocean: Piton de la Fournaise and Karthala. Active Volcanoes of the World, Springer , pp. 61-70. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31395-0_5
Join J-L, Folio J-L, Bourhane A, Comte J-C. Groundwater Resources on Active Basaltic Volcanoes: Conceptual Models from La Réunion Island and Grande Comore. In Bachelery P, Lenat J-F, Di Muro A, Michon L, editors, Active Volcanoes of the Southwest Indian Ocean: Piton de la Fournaise and Karthala. Springer . 2016. p. 61-70. (Active Volcanoes of the World). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31395-0_5
Join, Jean-Lambert ; Folio, Jean-Luc ; Bourhane, Anli ; Comte, Jean-Christophe. / Groundwater Resources on Active Basaltic Volcanoes : Conceptual Models from La Réunion Island and Grande Comore. Active Volcanoes of the Southwest Indian Ocean: Piton de la Fournaise and Karthala. editor / Patrick Bachelery ; Jean-Francois Lenat ; Andrea Di Muro ; Laurent Michon. Springer , 2016. pp. 61-70 (Active Volcanoes of the World).
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AU - Comte, Jean-Christophe

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N2 - La Réunion Island and Grande Comore are oceanic islands entirely formed by young and still active volcanoes, namely Piton de la Fournaise and Karthala. These geological features are responsible for a particular type of hydrosystem and present a unique challenge regarding the prospection and management of water resources. Young volcanic terrains are composed of lava flows with exceptional hydraulic conductivities. On both islands, despite high levels of precipitation, surface water resources are scarce due to high infiltration rates. Water infiltrates deep into the ground and reaches the water table at an elevation close to sea level. Access to water resources is particularly challenging on these islands due to: (i) the relative absence of perennial surface water resources, (ii) the widespread marine contamination in littoral areas, (iii) the excessive depth of the groundwater table due to high elevations. We present the main results obtained from twenty years of multidisciplinary investigation programs dedicated to groundwater resources development in La Réunion Island. This approach includes geological and hydrogeological investigations, geophysical prospections and geochemical analysis. Results have led us to propose an improved conceptual model describing groundwater resources and to implement a numerical model of groundwater flow applied to Piton de la Fournaise volcano. In the interior of the island, the presence of a piezometric dome reaching a height of over 1200 m above sea level has been revealed and is of major interest for groundwater development plans.

AB - La Réunion Island and Grande Comore are oceanic islands entirely formed by young and still active volcanoes, namely Piton de la Fournaise and Karthala. These geological features are responsible for a particular type of hydrosystem and present a unique challenge regarding the prospection and management of water resources. Young volcanic terrains are composed of lava flows with exceptional hydraulic conductivities. On both islands, despite high levels of precipitation, surface water resources are scarce due to high infiltration rates. Water infiltrates deep into the ground and reaches the water table at an elevation close to sea level. Access to water resources is particularly challenging on these islands due to: (i) the relative absence of perennial surface water resources, (ii) the widespread marine contamination in littoral areas, (iii) the excessive depth of the groundwater table due to high elevations. We present the main results obtained from twenty years of multidisciplinary investigation programs dedicated to groundwater resources development in La Réunion Island. This approach includes geological and hydrogeological investigations, geophysical prospections and geochemical analysis. Results have led us to propose an improved conceptual model describing groundwater resources and to implement a numerical model of groundwater flow applied to Piton de la Fournaise volcano. In the interior of the island, the presence of a piezometric dome reaching a height of over 1200 m above sea level has been revealed and is of major interest for groundwater development plans.

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