Harnessing genomics to fast-track genetic improvement in aquaculture

Ross D. Houston*, Tim P. Bean, Daniel J. MacQueen, Manu Kumar Gundappa, Ye Hwa Jin, Tom L. Jenkins, Sarah Louise C. Selly, Samuel A. M. Martin, Jamie R. Stevens, Eduarda M. Santos, Andrew Davie, Diego Robledo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aquaculture is the fastest-growing farmed food sector and will soon become the primary source of fish and shellfish for human diets. In contrast to crop and livestock production, aquaculture production is derived from numerous, exceptionally diverse species that are typically in the early stages of domestication. Genetic improvement of production traits via well-designed, managed breeding programmes has great potential to help meet the rising seafood demand driven by human population growth. Supported by continuous advances in sequencing and bioinformatics, genomics is increasingly being applied across the broad range of aquaculture species and at all stages of the domestication process to optimize selective breeding. In the future, combining genomic selection with biotechnological innovations, such as genome editing and surrogate broodstock technologies, may further expedite genetic improvement in aquaculture.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-409
Number of pages21
JournalNature Reviews Genetics
Volume21
Issue number7
Early online date16 Apr 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Agricultural genetics
  • Animal breeding
  • Evolutionary biology
  • Genomics
  • INFECTIOUS PANCREATIC NECROSIS
  • PISCIRICKETTSIA-SALMONIS
  • SEX DETERMINATION
  • FISH
  • BREEDING PROGRAMS
  • WIDE ASSOCIATION
  • LYMPHOCYSTIS DISEASE
  • SELECTION
  • ATLANTIC SALMON
  • DISEASE RESISTANCE

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Harnessing genomics to fast-track genetic improvement in aquaculture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this