High-affinity phosphate/arsenate transport in white lupin (Lupinus albus L.) is relatively insensitive to phosphate status

Andrew Alexander Meharg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of proteoid roots under phosphorus deficiency by white lupin (Lupinus albus ) may result in increased arsenate uptake, as arsenate is a phosphate analogue. This, together with its high biomass production, rapid growth and ability to survive in soils with low phosphate and nitrogen contents, low pH and high metal contents make them an interesting species to investigate with respect to revegetation, and possibly also for long-term phytoremediation, of arsenic contaminated soils.

Kinetic parameters for arsenate uptake for P-deficient and P-sufficient plants, as well as for proteoid and nonproteoid roots were obtained. Down-regulation of arsenate uptake by phosphate, as well as phosphate/arsenate competition for P-deficient and P-sufficient plants was studied.

Arsenate uptake was reduced by phosphate, but small differences were found between P-deficient and P-sufficient plants. Arsenate uptake by proteoid roots was higher than for nonproteoid roots of P-deficient plants, with higher V-max and similar K-m values. Down-regulation of the high affinity phosphate/arsenate uptake system by phosphate does take place but seems to be slower than in other plants.

This study suggests that the low sensitivity of the phosphate/arsenate uptake system to regulation by phosphate may be related to the adaptations of white lupin to low P available environments. Such adaptation are absent in plants unable to develop proteoid roots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-173
Number of pages8
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume158
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • white lupin (Lupinus albus)
  • arsenate
  • phosphate
  • uptake
  • kinetic parameters
  • proteoid roots
  • CESPITOSA L BEAUV
  • HOLCUS-LANATUS L
  • PROTEOID ROOTS
  • PHOSPHORUS DEFICIENCY
  • ENHANCED EXPRESSION
  • ARSENATE TOLERANCE
  • UPTAKE SYSTEM
  • PLANTS
  • BARLEY
  • ACQUISITION

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