High-resolution palynology reveals the land-use history of a Sami renvall in northern Sweden

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Abstract

The limited availability of historical and archaeological evidence means that much is still unknown about the development of Sami reindeer herding in Fennoscandia in both the recent and more distant past. To address this problem, high-resolution palynological analyses, 14C and 210Pb dating were undertaken on two adjacent (<25 m apart) peat profiles collected at a recently abandoned reindeer gathering pen (renvall) near Jokkmokk (~66.6°N, 19.8°E) in the boreal forest of northern Sweden. The aim was to assess the impact of Sami reindeer herding on the local environment through a study of pollen, coprophilous fungal spores, microscopic charcoal and sedimentology. The samples collected from within an annex to the renvall indicate cycles of use and abandonment of the pen on a multi-decadal timescale between ~ad 1800–2008, most obviously in the coprophilous fungal spore archive. The pattern and timing of these cycles confirm events previously known only from oral histories. Although the local pollen assemblage zones associated with the phasing of activity were reproducible in a second peat core beyond the boundary of the renvall, the coprophilous fungal spore signal in this paired profile was much less distinctive, possibly due to the typically shorter dispersal distances for these microfossils in comparison to pollen grains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-388
Number of pages20
JournalVegetation History and Archaeobotany
Volume26
Issue number4
Early online date18 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

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palynology
reindeer
fungal spores
Sweden
herding
spore
pollen
land use
history
peat
archaeological evidence
microfossils
Scandinavia
microfossil
charcoal
sedimentology
boreal forests
boreal forest
mouth
timescale

Keywords

  • forest Sami
  • boreal forest
  • reindeer herding
  • pollen analysis
  • coprophilous fungal spores

Cite this

@article{7b79b6efa9eb4cd2aa9cf2e1b0267e50,
title = "High-resolution palynology reveals the land-use history of a Sami renvall in northern Sweden",
abstract = "The limited availability of historical and archaeological evidence means that much is still unknown about the development of Sami reindeer herding in Fennoscandia in both the recent and more distant past. To address this problem, high-resolution palynological analyses, 14C and 210Pb dating were undertaken on two adjacent (<25 m apart) peat profiles collected at a recently abandoned reindeer gathering pen (renvall) near Jokkmokk (~66.6°N, 19.8°E) in the boreal forest of northern Sweden. The aim was to assess the impact of Sami reindeer herding on the local environment through a study of pollen, coprophilous fungal spores, microscopic charcoal and sedimentology. The samples collected from within an annex to the renvall indicate cycles of use and abandonment of the pen on a multi-decadal timescale between ~ad 1800–2008, most obviously in the coprophilous fungal spore archive. The pattern and timing of these cycles confirm events previously known only from oral histories. Although the local pollen assemblage zones associated with the phasing of activity were reproducible in a second peat core beyond the boundary of the renvall, the coprophilous fungal spore signal in this paired profile was much less distinctive, possibly due to the typically shorter dispersal distances for these microfossils in comparison to pollen grains.",
keywords = "forest Sami, boreal forest, reindeer herding, pollen analysis, coprophilous fungal spores",
author = "Kamerling, {Ilse M.} and Schofield, {J. Edward} and Edwards, {Kevin J.} and Kjell-{\AA}ke Aronsson",
note = "Acknowledgements: This research was funded by the Leverhulme Trust through the Footprints on the Edge of Thule project, and was written under the auspices of the ERC-funded project Arctic Domus. Thanks are offered to Audrey Innes for laboratory assistance; Ian Foster for 210Pb dating; Gordon Cook for AMS radiocarbon analyses; and Martin Konert and the late Sjoerd Bohncke for assistance with LOI and related analyses. The comments of Tim Mighall, Jeff Blackford, Mari Kuoppamaa, two anonymous referees and the editor helped to improve the paper.",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1007/s00334-016-0596-5",
language = "English",
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pages = "369--388",
journal = "Vegetation History and Archaeobotany",
issn = "0939-6314",
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T1 - High-resolution palynology reveals the land-use history of a Sami renvall in northern Sweden

AU - Kamerling, Ilse M.

AU - Schofield, J. Edward

AU - Edwards, Kevin J.

AU - Aronsson, Kjell-Åke

N1 - Acknowledgements: This research was funded by the Leverhulme Trust through the Footprints on the Edge of Thule project, and was written under the auspices of the ERC-funded project Arctic Domus. Thanks are offered to Audrey Innes for laboratory assistance; Ian Foster for 210Pb dating; Gordon Cook for AMS radiocarbon analyses; and Martin Konert and the late Sjoerd Bohncke for assistance with LOI and related analyses. The comments of Tim Mighall, Jeff Blackford, Mari Kuoppamaa, two anonymous referees and the editor helped to improve the paper.

PY - 2017/7

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N2 - The limited availability of historical and archaeological evidence means that much is still unknown about the development of Sami reindeer herding in Fennoscandia in both the recent and more distant past. To address this problem, high-resolution palynological analyses, 14C and 210Pb dating were undertaken on two adjacent (<25 m apart) peat profiles collected at a recently abandoned reindeer gathering pen (renvall) near Jokkmokk (~66.6°N, 19.8°E) in the boreal forest of northern Sweden. The aim was to assess the impact of Sami reindeer herding on the local environment through a study of pollen, coprophilous fungal spores, microscopic charcoal and sedimentology. The samples collected from within an annex to the renvall indicate cycles of use and abandonment of the pen on a multi-decadal timescale between ~ad 1800–2008, most obviously in the coprophilous fungal spore archive. The pattern and timing of these cycles confirm events previously known only from oral histories. Although the local pollen assemblage zones associated with the phasing of activity were reproducible in a second peat core beyond the boundary of the renvall, the coprophilous fungal spore signal in this paired profile was much less distinctive, possibly due to the typically shorter dispersal distances for these microfossils in comparison to pollen grains.

AB - The limited availability of historical and archaeological evidence means that much is still unknown about the development of Sami reindeer herding in Fennoscandia in both the recent and more distant past. To address this problem, high-resolution palynological analyses, 14C and 210Pb dating were undertaken on two adjacent (<25 m apart) peat profiles collected at a recently abandoned reindeer gathering pen (renvall) near Jokkmokk (~66.6°N, 19.8°E) in the boreal forest of northern Sweden. The aim was to assess the impact of Sami reindeer herding on the local environment through a study of pollen, coprophilous fungal spores, microscopic charcoal and sedimentology. The samples collected from within an annex to the renvall indicate cycles of use and abandonment of the pen on a multi-decadal timescale between ~ad 1800–2008, most obviously in the coprophilous fungal spore archive. The pattern and timing of these cycles confirm events previously known only from oral histories. Although the local pollen assemblage zones associated with the phasing of activity were reproducible in a second peat core beyond the boundary of the renvall, the coprophilous fungal spore signal in this paired profile was much less distinctive, possibly due to the typically shorter dispersal distances for these microfossils in comparison to pollen grains.

KW - forest Sami

KW - boreal forest

KW - reindeer herding

KW - pollen analysis

KW - coprophilous fungal spores

U2 - 10.1007/s00334-016-0596-5

DO - 10.1007/s00334-016-0596-5

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 369

EP - 388

JO - Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

JF - Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

SN - 0939-6314

IS - 4

ER -