Histogram of Oriented Gradients meet deep learning: A novel multi-task deep network for 2D surgical image semantic segmentation

Binod Bhattarai, Ronast Subedi, Rebati Raman Gaire, Eduard Vazquez, Danail Stoyanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present our novel deep multi-task learning method for medical image segmentation. Existing multi-task methods demand ground truth annotations for both the primary and auxiliary tasks. Contrary to it, we propose to generate the pseudo-labels of an auxiliary task in an unsupervised manner. To generate the pseudo-labels, we leverage Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOGs), one of the most widely used and powerful hand-crafted features for detection. Together with the ground truth semantic segmentation masks for the primary task and pseudo-labels for the auxiliary task, we learn the parameters of the deep network to minimise the loss of both the primary task and the auxiliary task jointly. We employed our method on two powerful and widely used semantic segmentation networks: UNet and U2Net to train in a multi-task setup. To validate our hypothesis, we performed experiments on two different medical image segmentation data sets. From the extensive quantitative and qualitative results, we observe that our method consistently improves the performance compared to the counter-part method. Moreover, our method is the winner of FetReg Endovis Sub-challenge on Semantic Segmentation organised in conjunction with MICCAI 2021. Code and implementation details are available at:https://github.com/thetna/medical_image_segmentation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102747
JournalMedical Image Analysis
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Semantic segmentation
  • Multi-task learning
  • Self-supervised learning
  • Histogram of Oriented Gradients

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