The optimal design of a truss structure with dynamic frequency constraints is a highly nonlinear optimization problem with several local optimums in its search space. In this type of structural optimization problems, the optimization methods should have a high capability to escape from the traps of the local optimums in the search space. This paper presents hybrid electromagnetism-like mechanism algorithm and migration strategy (EM–MS) for layout and size optimization of truss structures with multiple frequency constraints. The electromagnetism-like mechanism (EM) algorithm simulates the attraction and repulsion mechanism between the charged particles in the field of the electromagnetism to find optimal solutions, in which each particle is a solution candidate for the optimization problem. In the proposed EM–MS algorithm, two mechanisms are utilized to update the position of particles: modified EM algorithm and a new migration strategy. The modified EM algorithm is proposed to effectively guide the particles toward the region of the global optimum in the search space, and a new migration strategy is used to provide efficient exploitation between the particles. In order to test the performance of the proposed algorithm, this study utilizes five benchmark truss design examples with frequency constraints. The numerical results show that the EM–MS algorithm is an alternative and competitive optimizer for size and layout optimization of truss structures with frequency constraints.
- Electromagnetism-like mechanism
- Migration strategy
- Truss structures
- Layout and size optimization
- Frequency constraints