Fura-2 fluorescence was used to investigate the effects of H2O2 on [Ca2+](i) in the insulin-secreting cell line CRI-G1. H2O2 (1-10 mM) caused a biphasic increase in free [Ca2+](i), an initial rise observed within 3 min and a second, much larger rise following a 30-min exposure. Extracellular calcium removal blocked the late, but not the initial, rise in [Ca2+](i), Thapsigargin did not affect either response to H2O2, but activated capacitive calcium entry, an action abolished by 10 mu M La3+, Simultaneous recordings of membrane potential and [Ca2+](i) demonstrated the same biphasic [Ca2+](i) response to H2O2 and showed that the late increase in [Ca2+](i) coincided temporally with cell membrane potential collapse. Buffering Ca-i(2+) to low nanomolar levels prevented both phases of increased [Ca2+](i) and the H2O2-induced depolarization. The H2O2-induced late rise in [Ca2+](i) was prevented by extracellular application of 100 mu M La3+. La3+ (100 mu M) inhibited the H2O2-induced cation current and NAD-activated cation (NSNAD) channel activity in these cells. H2O2 increased the NAD/NADH ratio in intact CRI-G1 cells, consistent with increased cellular [NAD], These data suggest that H2O2 increases [NAD], which, coupled with increased [Ca2+](i), activates NSNAD, channels, causing unregulated Ca2+ entry and consequent cell death.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||The Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
- ISOLATED PANCREATIC-ISLETS
- OXIDATIVE STRESS