Hydrogen production by sorption enhanced steam reforming of propane: a thermodynamic investigation

Xiaodong Wang, Na Wang, Liang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermodynamic features of hydrogen production by sorption enhanced steam reforming (SESR) of propane have been studied with the method of Gibbs free energy minimization and contrasted with propane steam reforming (SR). The effects of pressure (1–5 atm), temperature (700–1100 K) and water to propane ratio (WPR, 1–18) on equilibrium compositions and carbon formation are investigated. The results suggest that atmospheric pressure and a WPR of 12 are suitable for hydrogen production from both SR and SESR of propane. High WPR is favourable to inhibit carbon formation. The minimum WPR required to eliminate carbon production is 6 in both SR and SESR. The most favourable temperature for propane SR is approximately 950 K at which 1 mol of propane has the capacity to produce 9.1 mol of hydrogen. The optimum temperature for SESR is approximately 825 K, which is over 100 K lower than that for SR. Other key benefits include enhanced hydrogen production of nearly 10 mol (stoichiometric value) of hydrogen per mole of propane at 700 K, increased hydrogen purity (99% compared with 74% in SR) and no CO2 or CO production with the only impurity being CH4, all indicating a great potential of SESR of propane for hydrogen production.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-472
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume36
Issue number1
Early online date8 Oct 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

Fingerprint

Steam reforming
hydrogen production
Hydrogen production
Propane
propane
steam
sorption
Sorption
Thermodynamics
thermodynamics
Hydrogen
Carbon
carbon
hydrogen
Gibbs free energy
Temperature
Atmospheric pressure
temperature
atmospheric pressure
purity

Keywords

  • hydrogen
  • propane steam reforming
  • sorption enhanced
  • thermodynamic analysis

Cite this

Hydrogen production by sorption enhanced steam reforming of propane : a thermodynamic investigation. / Wang, Xiaodong; Wang, Na; Wang, Liang.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 36, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 466-472.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Thermodynamic features of hydrogen production by sorption enhanced steam reforming (SESR) of propane have been studied with the method of Gibbs free energy minimization and contrasted with propane steam reforming (SR). The effects of pressure (1–5 atm), temperature (700–1100 K) and water to propane ratio (WPR, 1–18) on equilibrium compositions and carbon formation are investigated. The results suggest that atmospheric pressure and a WPR of 12 are suitable for hydrogen production from both SR and SESR of propane. High WPR is favourable to inhibit carbon formation. The minimum WPR required to eliminate carbon production is 6 in both SR and SESR. The most favourable temperature for propane SR is approximately 950 K at which 1 mol of propane has the capacity to produce 9.1 mol of hydrogen. The optimum temperature for SESR is approximately 825 K, which is over 100 K lower than that for SR. Other key benefits include enhanced hydrogen production of nearly 10 mol (stoichiometric value) of hydrogen per mole of propane at 700 K, increased hydrogen purity (99{\%} compared with 74{\%} in SR) and no CO2 or CO production with the only impurity being CH4, all indicating a great potential of SESR of propane for hydrogen production.",
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AB - Thermodynamic features of hydrogen production by sorption enhanced steam reforming (SESR) of propane have been studied with the method of Gibbs free energy minimization and contrasted with propane steam reforming (SR). The effects of pressure (1–5 atm), temperature (700–1100 K) and water to propane ratio (WPR, 1–18) on equilibrium compositions and carbon formation are investigated. The results suggest that atmospheric pressure and a WPR of 12 are suitable for hydrogen production from both SR and SESR of propane. High WPR is favourable to inhibit carbon formation. The minimum WPR required to eliminate carbon production is 6 in both SR and SESR. The most favourable temperature for propane SR is approximately 950 K at which 1 mol of propane has the capacity to produce 9.1 mol of hydrogen. The optimum temperature for SESR is approximately 825 K, which is over 100 K lower than that for SR. Other key benefits include enhanced hydrogen production of nearly 10 mol (stoichiometric value) of hydrogen per mole of propane at 700 K, increased hydrogen purity (99% compared with 74% in SR) and no CO2 or CO production with the only impurity being CH4, all indicating a great potential of SESR of propane for hydrogen production.

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