Hydrotalcite-like minerals (M2Al(OH)(6)(CO3)(0.5).XH2O, where M = Mg, Zn, Co, Ni) in the environment: synthesis, characterization and thermodynamic stability

C A Johnson, F. P. Glasser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Hydrotalcite-like layered double hydroxides (LDH), of the formulation M2Al(OH)(6)(CO3)(0.5).H2O, where M = Mg, Zn, Co, Ni, have been prepared, the products characterized and their solubility products measured at ionic strengths of 0.0065 and 0.0128 M and at 25degreesC. Steady-state solubility was reached after 100 days. The solubility products have been formulated according to the following reaction: M2Al(OH)(6)0.5CO(3).H2O +6H(+) --> 2M(2+) + Al3+ + 0.5CO(3)(2-) + H2O where

[GRAPHICS]

Average values of K-so for I = 0, estimated using the Davies equation, are 25.43, 20.80, 22.88 and 20.03 for Mg, Zn, Co and Ni, respectively. Model calculations reveal that the thermodynamic stability of the LDHs is greater than that of the corresponding divalent hydroxides for Zn, Co and Ni below a pH of similar to10, 9 and 8, respectively, and at least up to pH 12 for Mg.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalClays and Clay Minerals
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2003

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hydrotalcite
Hydroxides
thermodynamics
Minerals
solubility
Thermodynamic stability
hydroxides
Solubility
minerals
synthesis
hydroxide
mineral
ionic strength
Ionic strength
aluminum
product

Keywords

  • cobalt
  • hydrotalcite
  • magnesium
  • nickel
  • solubility
  • zinc
  • layered double hydroxides
  • AL
  • precipitation
  • pyrophilitte
  • adsorption

Cite this

Hydrotalcite-like minerals (M2Al(OH)(6)(CO3)(0.5).XH2O, where M = Mg, Zn, Co, Ni) in the environment : synthesis, characterization and thermodynamic stability. / Johnson, C A ; Glasser, F. P. .

In: Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 51, No. 1, 01.02.2003, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Hydrotalcite-like layered double hydroxides (LDH), of the formulation M2Al(OH)(6)(CO3)(0.5).H2O, where M = Mg, Zn, Co, Ni, have been prepared, the products characterized and their solubility products measured at ionic strengths of 0.0065 and 0.0128 M and at 25degreesC. Steady-state solubility was reached after 100 days. The solubility products have been formulated according to the following reaction: M2Al(OH)(6)0.5CO(3).H2O +6H(+) --> 2M(2+) + Al3+ + 0.5CO(3)(2-) + H2O where[GRAPHICS]Average values of K-so for I = 0, estimated using the Davies equation, are 25.43, 20.80, 22.88 and 20.03 for Mg, Zn, Co and Ni, respectively. Model calculations reveal that the thermodynamic stability of the LDHs is greater than that of the corresponding divalent hydroxides for Zn, Co and Ni below a pH of similar to10, 9 and 8, respectively, and at least up to pH 12 for Mg.",
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AU - Johnson, C A

AU - Glasser, F. P.

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N2 - Hydrotalcite-like layered double hydroxides (LDH), of the formulation M2Al(OH)(6)(CO3)(0.5).H2O, where M = Mg, Zn, Co, Ni, have been prepared, the products characterized and their solubility products measured at ionic strengths of 0.0065 and 0.0128 M and at 25degreesC. Steady-state solubility was reached after 100 days. The solubility products have been formulated according to the following reaction: M2Al(OH)(6)0.5CO(3).H2O +6H(+) --> 2M(2+) + Al3+ + 0.5CO(3)(2-) + H2O where[GRAPHICS]Average values of K-so for I = 0, estimated using the Davies equation, are 25.43, 20.80, 22.88 and 20.03 for Mg, Zn, Co and Ni, respectively. Model calculations reveal that the thermodynamic stability of the LDHs is greater than that of the corresponding divalent hydroxides for Zn, Co and Ni below a pH of similar to10, 9 and 8, respectively, and at least up to pH 12 for Mg.

AB - Hydrotalcite-like layered double hydroxides (LDH), of the formulation M2Al(OH)(6)(CO3)(0.5).H2O, where M = Mg, Zn, Co, Ni, have been prepared, the products characterized and their solubility products measured at ionic strengths of 0.0065 and 0.0128 M and at 25degreesC. Steady-state solubility was reached after 100 days. The solubility products have been formulated according to the following reaction: M2Al(OH)(6)0.5CO(3).H2O +6H(+) --> 2M(2+) + Al3+ + 0.5CO(3)(2-) + H2O where[GRAPHICS]Average values of K-so for I = 0, estimated using the Davies equation, are 25.43, 20.80, 22.88 and 20.03 for Mg, Zn, Co and Ni, respectively. Model calculations reveal that the thermodynamic stability of the LDHs is greater than that of the corresponding divalent hydroxides for Zn, Co and Ni below a pH of similar to10, 9 and 8, respectively, and at least up to pH 12 for Mg.

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KW - AL

KW - precipitation

KW - pyrophilitte

KW - adsorption

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