Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure and aqueous stability of two cadmium arsenate phases, CdNH4(HAsO4)OH and Cd5H2(AsO4)(4 center dot)4H(2)O

C D Johnson, Jan Skakle, M G Johnston, Jörg Feldmann, Donald E MacPhee

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Abstract

As part of a waste immobilisation study, single crystals of two cadmium arsenate phases have been prepared by hydrothermal methods. CdNH4(HAsO4) OH is orthorhombic with space group Pnma, a = 17.682( 4), b = 6.0098(12), c = 5.1917(10) Angstrom. Cd5H2(AsO4)(4).4H(2)O is monoclinic with space group C2/c, a = 18.382(2), b = 9.7192(13), c = 9.9791(13) Angstrom, beta = 96.369(3) degrees. Both structures were determined using single crystal X-ray diffraction and are isostructural with the analagous phosphates. CdNH4(HAsO4)OH easily converts to Cd5H2(AsO4)(4).4H(2)O on reaction with water and even in moist air. The latter phase is relatively stable by comparison and can be shown to continue to crystallise from amorphous material without substantial leaching of cadmium or arsenic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1429-1432
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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Hydrothermal synthesis
Cadmium
Crystal structure
Single crystals
Arsenic
Leaching
Phosphates
X ray diffraction
Water
Air
arsenic acid

Cite this

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title = "Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure and aqueous stability of two cadmium arsenate phases, CdNH4(HAsO4)OH and Cd5H2(AsO4)(4 center dot)4H(2)O",
abstract = "As part of a waste immobilisation study, single crystals of two cadmium arsenate phases have been prepared by hydrothermal methods. CdNH4(HAsO4) OH is orthorhombic with space group Pnma, a = 17.682( 4), b = 6.0098(12), c = 5.1917(10) Angstrom. Cd5H2(AsO4)(4).4H(2)O is monoclinic with space group C2/c, a = 18.382(2), b = 9.7192(13), c = 9.9791(13) Angstrom, beta = 96.369(3) degrees. Both structures were determined using single crystal X-ray diffraction and are isostructural with the analagous phosphates. CdNH4(HAsO4)OH easily converts to Cd5H2(AsO4)(4).4H(2)O on reaction with water and even in moist air. The latter phase is relatively stable by comparison and can be shown to continue to crystallise from amorphous material without substantial leaching of cadmium or arsenic.",
author = "Johnson, {C D} and Jan Skakle and Johnston, {M G} and J{\"o}rg Feldmann and MacPhee, {Donald E}",
year = "2003",
doi = "10.1039/b302154h",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "1429--1432",
journal = "Journal of Materials Chemistry",
issn = "0959-9428",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure and aqueous stability of two cadmium arsenate phases, CdNH4(HAsO4)OH and Cd5H2(AsO4)(4 center dot)4H(2)O

AU - Johnson, C D

AU - Skakle, Jan

AU - Johnston, M G

AU - Feldmann, Jörg

AU - MacPhee, Donald E

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - As part of a waste immobilisation study, single crystals of two cadmium arsenate phases have been prepared by hydrothermal methods. CdNH4(HAsO4) OH is orthorhombic with space group Pnma, a = 17.682( 4), b = 6.0098(12), c = 5.1917(10) Angstrom. Cd5H2(AsO4)(4).4H(2)O is monoclinic with space group C2/c, a = 18.382(2), b = 9.7192(13), c = 9.9791(13) Angstrom, beta = 96.369(3) degrees. Both structures were determined using single crystal X-ray diffraction and are isostructural with the analagous phosphates. CdNH4(HAsO4)OH easily converts to Cd5H2(AsO4)(4).4H(2)O on reaction with water and even in moist air. The latter phase is relatively stable by comparison and can be shown to continue to crystallise from amorphous material without substantial leaching of cadmium or arsenic.

AB - As part of a waste immobilisation study, single crystals of two cadmium arsenate phases have been prepared by hydrothermal methods. CdNH4(HAsO4) OH is orthorhombic with space group Pnma, a = 17.682( 4), b = 6.0098(12), c = 5.1917(10) Angstrom. Cd5H2(AsO4)(4).4H(2)O is monoclinic with space group C2/c, a = 18.382(2), b = 9.7192(13), c = 9.9791(13) Angstrom, beta = 96.369(3) degrees. Both structures were determined using single crystal X-ray diffraction and are isostructural with the analagous phosphates. CdNH4(HAsO4)OH easily converts to Cd5H2(AsO4)(4).4H(2)O on reaction with water and even in moist air. The latter phase is relatively stable by comparison and can be shown to continue to crystallise from amorphous material without substantial leaching of cadmium or arsenic.

U2 - 10.1039/b302154h

DO - 10.1039/b302154h

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 1429

EP - 1432

JO - Journal of Materials Chemistry

JF - Journal of Materials Chemistry

SN - 0959-9428

IS - 6

ER -