Hygrothermal ageing of reprocessed Polylactide

J. D. Badia, L. Santonja-Blasco, A Martinez-Felipe, A. Ribes-Greus

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Abstract

The influence of an accelerated hygrothermal ageing simulation test on a commercial PLA and its three subsequent mechanically-reprocessed materials was studied. The analysis was focused on the water diffusion kinetics and the physico-chemical changes induced by the hygrothermal degradation. Water diffusion proceeded faster than chain relaxation processes, as defined by a Case II absorption model. It was proved that the water diffusion rate decreased with subsequent reprocessing cycles and increased with higher hygrothermal ageing temperatures. Hydrolytic chain scission provoked significant molar mass decays and consequent general losses of thermal and mechanical performance. The rearrangement into crystalline fractions of shorter chains provoked by hygrothermal ageing was qualitatively and quantitatively followed by both Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Differential Scanning Calorimetry. The microstructural changes were monitored by the cold-crystallization temperature, the crystallinity degree XC and the absorbance intensity ratio I921/I955. A Weibull model showed that the crystallites were formed faster at higher reprocessing cycles and at lower hygrothermal ageing temperatures. All these effects were particularly significant for PLA reprocessed more than one time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1881–1890
Number of pages10
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume97
Issue number10
Early online date15 Jun 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012
Event3rd International Conference on Biodegradable and Biobased Polymers - ECPM, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg , France
Duration: 29 Aug 201131 Aug 2011
http://www.biopol.unistra.fr/

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Keywords

  • Polylactide (PLA)
  • Hygrothermal ageing
  • Water absorption kinetics
  • Crystallinity
  • Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)
  • Fourier-transform infrared analysis (FT-IR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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