Anopheles gambiae collagen IV genes: cloning, phylogeny and midgut expression associated with blood feeding and Plasmodium infection.

Daniel Christopher Gare, Stuart Brannon Piertney, Peter Francis Billingsley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A prerequisite for understanding the role that mosquito midgut extracellular matrix molecules play in malaria parasite development is proper isolation and characterisation of the genes coding for components of the basal lamina. Here we have identified genes coding for alpha1 and alpha2 chains of collagen IV from the major malaria vector, Anopheles gambiae. Conserved sequences in the terminal NC1 domain were used to obtain partial gene sequences of this functional region, and full sequence was isolated from a pupal cDNA library. In a DNA-derived phylogeny, the alpha1 and alpha2 chains cluster with dipteran orthologs, and the alpha2 is ancestral. The expression of collagen alpha1(IV) peaked during the pupal stage of mosquito development, and was expressed continuously in the adult female following a blood meal with a further rise detected in older mosquitoes. Collagen alpha1 (IV) is also upregulated when the early oocyst of Plasmodium yoelii was developing within the mosquito midgut and may contribute to a larger wound healing response. A model describing the expression of basal lamina proteins during oocyst development is presented, and we hypothesise that the development of new basal lamina between the oocyst and midgut epithelium is akin to a wound healing process. (C) 2003 Australian Society for Parasitology Inc.. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-690
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • mosquito
  • midgut
  • Plasmodium
  • oocyst
  • collagen IV
  • extracellular matrix
  • BASEMENT-MEMBRANE COLLAGEN
  • AEDES-AEGYPTI MIDGUT
  • PARASITE IN-VITRO
  • CAENORHABDITIS-ELEGANS
  • EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX
  • SPOROGONIC DEVELOPMENT
  • DROSOPHILA
  • BERGHEI
  • CELLS
  • IDENTIFICATION

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