Ice stream motion facilitated by a shallow-deforming and accreting bed

Matteo Spagnolo*, Emrys Phillips, Jan A. Piotrowski, Brice R. Rea, Chris D. Clark, Chris R. Stokes, Simon J. Carr, Jeremy C. Ely, Adriano Ribolini, Wojciech Wysota, Izabela Szuman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)
6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Ice streams drain large portions of ice sheets and play a fundamental role in governing their response to atmospheric and oceanic forcing, with implications for sea-level change. The mechanisms that generate ice stream flow remain elusive. Basal sliding and/or bed deformation have been hypothesized, but ice stream beds are largely inaccessible. Here we present a comprehensive, multi-scale study of the internal structure of mega-scale glacial lineations (MSGLs) formed at the bed of a palaeo ice stream. Analyses were undertaken at macro-and microscales, using multiple techniques including X-ray tomography, thin sections and ground penetrating radar (GPR) acquisitions. Results reveal homogeneity in stratigraphy, kinematics, granulometry and petrography. The consistency of the physical and geological properties demonstrates a continuously accreting, shallow-deforming, bed and invariant basal conditions. This implies that ice stream basal motion on soft sediment beds during MSGL formation is accommodated by plastic deformation, facilitated by continuous sediment supply and an inefficient drainage system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10723
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalNature Communications
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2016

Fingerprint

Ice
beds
ice
X Ray Tomography
Radar
Sediments
sediments
Ice Cover
Petrography
petrography
Stream flow
Stratigraphy
ground penetrating radar
Biomechanical Phenomena
Oceans and Seas
stratigraphy
Sea level
Plastics
Drainage
drainage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Spagnolo, M., Phillips, E., Piotrowski, J. A., Rea, B. R., Clark, C. D., Stokes, C. R., ... Szuman, I. (2016). Ice stream motion facilitated by a shallow-deforming and accreting bed. Nature Communications, 7, 1-11. [10723]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10723

Ice stream motion facilitated by a shallow-deforming and accreting bed. / Spagnolo, Matteo; Phillips, Emrys; Piotrowski, Jan A.; Rea, Brice R.; Clark, Chris D.; Stokes, Chris R.; Carr, Simon J.; Ely, Jeremy C.; Ribolini, Adriano; Wysota, Wojciech; Szuman, Izabela.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 7, 10723, 22.02.2016, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spagnolo, M, Phillips, E, Piotrowski, JA, Rea, BR, Clark, CD, Stokes, CR, Carr, SJ, Ely, JC, Ribolini, A, Wysota, W & Szuman, I 2016, 'Ice stream motion facilitated by a shallow-deforming and accreting bed', Nature Communications, vol. 7, 10723, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10723
Spagnolo, Matteo ; Phillips, Emrys ; Piotrowski, Jan A. ; Rea, Brice R. ; Clark, Chris D. ; Stokes, Chris R. ; Carr, Simon J. ; Ely, Jeremy C. ; Ribolini, Adriano ; Wysota, Wojciech ; Szuman, Izabela. / Ice stream motion facilitated by a shallow-deforming and accreting bed. In: Nature Communications. 2016 ; Vol. 7. pp. 1-11.
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abstract = "Ice streams drain large portions of ice sheets and play a fundamental role in governing their response to atmospheric and oceanic forcing, with implications for sea-level change. The mechanisms that generate ice stream flow remain elusive. Basal sliding and/or bed deformation have been hypothesized, but ice stream beds are largely inaccessible. Here we present a comprehensive, multi-scale study of the internal structure of mega-scale glacial lineations (MSGLs) formed at the bed of a palaeo ice stream. Analyses were undertaken at macro-and microscales, using multiple techniques including X-ray tomography, thin sections and ground penetrating radar (GPR) acquisitions. Results reveal homogeneity in stratigraphy, kinematics, granulometry and petrography. The consistency of the physical and geological properties demonstrates a continuously accreting, shallow-deforming, bed and invariant basal conditions. This implies that ice stream basal motion on soft sediment beds during MSGL formation is accommodated by plastic deformation, facilitated by continuous sediment supply and an inefficient drainage system.",
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