A concentrate of branched chain fatty acids (as methyl esters) was prepared from the triacylglycerols of subcutaneous adipose tissue lipids of lambs receiving a carbohydrate-rich (cereal diet). This was accomplished by procedures which allowed the removal of unsaturated components by peroxidation and straight chain saturated components by urea-adduct formation. The concentrate was analyzed by high resolution gas chromatography in combination with mass spectrometry and was shown to consist of a complex mixture of saturated methyl-substituted fatty acids. Methyl substitution occurred on even-numbered carbon atoms (relative to the carboxyl group) and the chain lengths of the acids ranged from 10 to 18 carbon atoms. Acids with one methyl substituent in the fatty acyl chain were most abundant; di-, tri- and tetramethyl-substituted acids were also present. The biosynthesis of these methyl-substituted acids is discussed briefly.
- Adipose Tissue
- Fatty Acids
- Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry