Imbibition Capillary Pressure and Relative Permeability of Mixed-Wet Microporous Rock: New Insights from History Matching

Yukie Tanino (Corresponding Author), Magali Christensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We use a Darcy-scale simulator to extract residual oil saturation, forced
imbibition capillary pressure, and relative permeability by history matching to
measured pressure drop and cumulative oil production during multi-speed centrifuge experiments and constant-rate waterfloods in Indiana limestone cores under four different wettability states established by adding different naphthenic acids to the oil phase. Residual oil saturation decreases monotonically as advancing bulk contact angle increases from θa = 110◦ to 150◦, in sharp contrast to the nonmonotonic dependence displayed by the core-averaged oil saturation which are often mis-interpreted to be representative of true residual saturation. The magnitude of the capillary pressure required to establish a particular water saturation increases with θa. Saturation-normalized water relative permeability exceeds one at θa ≥ 125◦ , with equivalent slip lengths of up to O(200) nm. The simulations indicate that capillary end effects may be significant during displacement experiments under typical laboratory conditions, even in mixed-wet media of relatively low permeability, and highlight the importance of using numerical simulation to interpret displacement experiments under capillary-dominated conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121–148
Number of pages28
JournalTransport in Porous Media
Volume129
Issue number1
Early online date5 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • capillary trapping
  • multiphase flow
  • slippage
  • residual saturation
  • history matching
  • Slippage
  • 2-PHASE FLOW
  • Multiphase flow
  • WETTABILITY
  • CONTACT-ANGLE
  • OIL-WET
  • Residual saturation
  • RECOVERY
  • History matching
  • PRUDHOE BAY
  • SURFACE
  • POROUS-MEDIA
  • SATURATION
  • Capillary trapping

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