Immune parameters of plaice, Pleuronectes platessa, L. along a sewage sludge gradient in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland

Christopher J. Secombes, Ann White, Thelma C. Fletcher, Ronald Stagg, Dominic F. Houlihan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plaice were caught at five stations varying in distance from the sewage sludge dumping site at Garroch Head, in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland and a number of physical and immunological parameters monitored. Significant intergroup differences were apparent in condition factor, hepatosomatic index, serum protein concentration, serum lysozyme, serum immunoglobulin (Ig), liver vitamin E, kidney leucocyte respiratory burst activity and kidney leucocyte bactericidal activity. Of these parameters, the hepatosomatic index, serum lysozyme, serum Ig and kidney leucocyte bactericidal activity showed a negative correlation with distance from the dump site (that is, were highest at the dump site); serum protein and liver vitamin E showed a positive correlation. Factors found not to vary between the groups included the spleen index, serum antiprotease activity and kidney leucocyte phagocytic activity. These findings are discussed in relation to recent experimental data on the effects of sewage sludge exposure on the immune system of fish.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-340
Number of pages12
JournalEcotoxicology
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1995

Fingerprint

Flounder
Scotland
Sewage sludge
Muramidase
Sewage
Vitamin E
Liver
Immunoglobulins
Blood Proteins
serum
Leukocytes
Immune system
Kidney
Protease Inhibitors
Serum
Fish
vitamin
Respiratory Burst
protein
Immune System

Keywords

  • Firth of Clyde
  • immunity
  • plaice
  • sewage sludge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Immune parameters of plaice, Pleuronectes platessa, L. along a sewage sludge gradient in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland. / Secombes, Christopher J.; White, Ann; Fletcher, Thelma C.; Stagg, Ronald; Houlihan, Dominic F.

In: Ecotoxicology, Vol. 4, No. 5, 10.1995, p. 329-340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Secombes, Christopher J. ; White, Ann ; Fletcher, Thelma C. ; Stagg, Ronald ; Houlihan, Dominic F. / Immune parameters of plaice, Pleuronectes platessa, L. along a sewage sludge gradient in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland. In: Ecotoxicology. 1995 ; Vol. 4, No. 5. pp. 329-340.
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