Immunobiology of natural killer lymphocytes in transplantation

Neil Thomas Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Natural killer (NK) lymphocytes are powerful effector cells of the peripheral immune system. NK cell functions are controlled by the expression of a variety of cell surface receptors with either inhibitory or activating roles. The genetic and functional diversity of this repertoire of receptors and the role of human leukocyte antigen class I histocompatibility molecules as a major group of NK receptor ligands endows NK cells with an innate alloreactive capacity. Early studies of experimental bone marrow transplantation revealed an important role for NK cells in the rejection of allogeneic grafts and contributed significantly to our understanding of NK cell behavior. Both animal models and in vitro studies have since implicated NK cells as contributors to the pathology of clinical transplantation. However, recent clinical studies have demonstrated the potential benefits of exploiting NK cell alloreactivity in mismatched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for particular types of acute leukemia. Future investigations of NK cell alloreactive functions will undoubtedly reveal additional roles and potential therapeutic applications of this fundamental cell type in clinical transplantation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume78
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2004

Fingerprint

Natural Killer Cells
Transplantation
Lymphocytes
Histocompatibility
Clinical Pathology
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Graft Rejection
Cell Surface Receptors
HLA Antigens
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Immune System
Leukemia
Animal Models
Ligands

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Killer Cells, Natural
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Transplantation Immunology

Cite this

Immunobiology of natural killer lymphocytes in transplantation. / Young, Neil Thomas.

In: Transplantation, Vol. 78, No. 1, 15.07.2004, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Young, Neil Thomas. / Immunobiology of natural killer lymphocytes in transplantation. In: Transplantation. 2004 ; Vol. 78, No. 1. pp. 1-6.
@article{a49f260461344c05a9e6623e3239ec90,
title = "Immunobiology of natural killer lymphocytes in transplantation",
abstract = "Natural killer (NK) lymphocytes are powerful effector cells of the peripheral immune system. NK cell functions are controlled by the expression of a variety of cell surface receptors with either inhibitory or activating roles. The genetic and functional diversity of this repertoire of receptors and the role of human leukocyte antigen class I histocompatibility molecules as a major group of NK receptor ligands endows NK cells with an innate alloreactive capacity. Early studies of experimental bone marrow transplantation revealed an important role for NK cells in the rejection of allogeneic grafts and contributed significantly to our understanding of NK cell behavior. Both animal models and in vitro studies have since implicated NK cells as contributors to the pathology of clinical transplantation. However, recent clinical studies have demonstrated the potential benefits of exploiting NK cell alloreactivity in mismatched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for particular types of acute leukemia. Future investigations of NK cell alloreactive functions will undoubtedly reveal additional roles and potential therapeutic applications of this fundamental cell type in clinical transplantation.",
keywords = "Humans, Killer Cells, Natural, Receptors, Immunologic, Transplantation Immunology",
author = "Young, {Neil Thomas}",
year = "2004",
month = "7",
day = "15",
language = "English",
volume = "78",
pages = "1--6",
journal = "Transplantation",
issn = "0041-1337",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Immunobiology of natural killer lymphocytes in transplantation

AU - Young, Neil Thomas

PY - 2004/7/15

Y1 - 2004/7/15

N2 - Natural killer (NK) lymphocytes are powerful effector cells of the peripheral immune system. NK cell functions are controlled by the expression of a variety of cell surface receptors with either inhibitory or activating roles. The genetic and functional diversity of this repertoire of receptors and the role of human leukocyte antigen class I histocompatibility molecules as a major group of NK receptor ligands endows NK cells with an innate alloreactive capacity. Early studies of experimental bone marrow transplantation revealed an important role for NK cells in the rejection of allogeneic grafts and contributed significantly to our understanding of NK cell behavior. Both animal models and in vitro studies have since implicated NK cells as contributors to the pathology of clinical transplantation. However, recent clinical studies have demonstrated the potential benefits of exploiting NK cell alloreactivity in mismatched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for particular types of acute leukemia. Future investigations of NK cell alloreactive functions will undoubtedly reveal additional roles and potential therapeutic applications of this fundamental cell type in clinical transplantation.

AB - Natural killer (NK) lymphocytes are powerful effector cells of the peripheral immune system. NK cell functions are controlled by the expression of a variety of cell surface receptors with either inhibitory or activating roles. The genetic and functional diversity of this repertoire of receptors and the role of human leukocyte antigen class I histocompatibility molecules as a major group of NK receptor ligands endows NK cells with an innate alloreactive capacity. Early studies of experimental bone marrow transplantation revealed an important role for NK cells in the rejection of allogeneic grafts and contributed significantly to our understanding of NK cell behavior. Both animal models and in vitro studies have since implicated NK cells as contributors to the pathology of clinical transplantation. However, recent clinical studies have demonstrated the potential benefits of exploiting NK cell alloreactivity in mismatched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for particular types of acute leukemia. Future investigations of NK cell alloreactive functions will undoubtedly reveal additional roles and potential therapeutic applications of this fundamental cell type in clinical transplantation.

KW - Humans

KW - Killer Cells, Natural

KW - Receptors, Immunologic

KW - Transplantation Immunology

M3 - Article

C2 - 15257030

VL - 78

SP - 1

EP - 6

JO - Transplantation

JF - Transplantation

SN - 0041-1337

IS - 1

ER -