Impact of common cause failure on reliability performance of redundant safety related systems subject to process demand

Siamak Alizadeh, Srinivas Sriramula (Corresponding Author)

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Abstract

Common Cause Failures (CCFs) can compromise reliability performance of safety related systems and hence configurations with identical redundant units receive special attention in many industries, including in automotive, aviation and process applications. This paper introduces a new reliability model for redundant safety related systems using Markov analysis technique. The proposed model entails process demand in conjunction with CCF and established system failure modes such as dangerous undetected failures for the first time and evaluates their impact on the reliability performance of the system. The reliability of the safety related systems is measured using the Probability of Failure on Demand (PFD) for low demand systems. The safety performance of the system is also appraised using Hazardous Event Frequency (HEF) to quantify the frequency of system entering a hazardous state that will lead to an accident if the situation is not controlled accordingly. The accuracy of the proposed Markov model is verified for a case study of flammable liquid storage tank overpressure protection system. It is demonstrated that the proposed approach provides sufficiently robust results for all demand rates, demand durations, dangerous undetected and CCF frequencies and associated repair rates for redundant safety related systems utilised in low demand mode of operation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-150
Number of pages22
JournalReliability Engineering & System Safety
Volume172
Early online date21 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

Fingerprint

Failure modes
Aviation
Accidents
Repair
Liquids
Industry

Keywords

  • Markov chains
  • safety instrumented systems
  • safety related systems
  • common cause failure
  • process demand
  • hazardous event frequency

Cite this

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title = "Impact of common cause failure on reliability performance of redundant safety related systems subject to process demand",
abstract = "Common Cause Failures (CCFs) can compromise reliability performance of safety related systems and hence configurations with identical redundant units receive special attention in many industries, including in automotive, aviation and process applications. This paper introduces a new reliability model for redundant safety related systems using Markov analysis technique. The proposed model entails process demand in conjunction with CCF and established system failure modes such as dangerous undetected failures for the first time and evaluates their impact on the reliability performance of the system. The reliability of the safety related systems is measured using the Probability of Failure on Demand (PFD) for low demand systems. The safety performance of the system is also appraised using Hazardous Event Frequency (HEF) to quantify the frequency of system entering a hazardous state that will lead to an accident if the situation is not controlled accordingly. The accuracy of the proposed Markov model is verified for a case study of flammable liquid storage tank overpressure protection system. It is demonstrated that the proposed approach provides sufficiently robust results for all demand rates, demand durations, dangerous undetected and CCF frequencies and associated repair rates for redundant safety related systems utilised in low demand mode of operation.",
keywords = "Markov chains, safety instrumented systems, safety related systems, common cause failure, process demand, hazardous event frequency",
author = "Siamak Alizadeh and Srinivas Sriramula",
note = "Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and feedback.",
year = "2018",
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T1 - Impact of common cause failure on reliability performance of redundant safety related systems subject to process demand

AU - Alizadeh, Siamak

AU - Sriramula, Srinivas

N1 - Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and feedback.

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N2 - Common Cause Failures (CCFs) can compromise reliability performance of safety related systems and hence configurations with identical redundant units receive special attention in many industries, including in automotive, aviation and process applications. This paper introduces a new reliability model for redundant safety related systems using Markov analysis technique. The proposed model entails process demand in conjunction with CCF and established system failure modes such as dangerous undetected failures for the first time and evaluates their impact on the reliability performance of the system. The reliability of the safety related systems is measured using the Probability of Failure on Demand (PFD) for low demand systems. The safety performance of the system is also appraised using Hazardous Event Frequency (HEF) to quantify the frequency of system entering a hazardous state that will lead to an accident if the situation is not controlled accordingly. The accuracy of the proposed Markov model is verified for a case study of flammable liquid storage tank overpressure protection system. It is demonstrated that the proposed approach provides sufficiently robust results for all demand rates, demand durations, dangerous undetected and CCF frequencies and associated repair rates for redundant safety related systems utilised in low demand mode of operation.

AB - Common Cause Failures (CCFs) can compromise reliability performance of safety related systems and hence configurations with identical redundant units receive special attention in many industries, including in automotive, aviation and process applications. This paper introduces a new reliability model for redundant safety related systems using Markov analysis technique. The proposed model entails process demand in conjunction with CCF and established system failure modes such as dangerous undetected failures for the first time and evaluates their impact on the reliability performance of the system. The reliability of the safety related systems is measured using the Probability of Failure on Demand (PFD) for low demand systems. The safety performance of the system is also appraised using Hazardous Event Frequency (HEF) to quantify the frequency of system entering a hazardous state that will lead to an accident if the situation is not controlled accordingly. The accuracy of the proposed Markov model is verified for a case study of flammable liquid storage tank overpressure protection system. It is demonstrated that the proposed approach provides sufficiently robust results for all demand rates, demand durations, dangerous undetected and CCF frequencies and associated repair rates for redundant safety related systems utilised in low demand mode of operation.

KW - Markov chains

KW - safety instrumented systems

KW - safety related systems

KW - common cause failure

KW - process demand

KW - hazardous event frequency

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SN - 0951-8320

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