Impact of Diet Composition on Blood Glucose Regulation

Wendy R. Russell, Athanasia Baka* (Corresponding Author), Inger Björck, Nathalie Delzenne, Dan Gao, Helen R. Griffiths, Ellie Hadjilucas, Kristina Juvonen, Sampo Lahtinen, Mirian Lansink, Luc Van Loon, Hannu Mykkänen, Elin Östman, Gabriele Riccardi, Sophie Vinoy, Martin O. Weickert

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nutritional management of blood glucose levels is a strategic target in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). To implement such an approach, it is essential to understand the effect of food on glycemic regulation and on the underlying metabolic derangements. This comprehensive review summarizes the results from human dietary interventions exploring the impact of dietary components on blood glucose levels. Included are the major macronutrients; carbohydrate, protein and fat, micronutrient vitamins and minerals, nonnutrient phytochemicals and additional foods including low-calorie sweeteners, vinegar, and alcohol. Based on the evidence presented in this review, it is clear that dietary components have significant and clinically relevant effects on blood glucose modulation. An integrated approach that includes reducing excess body weight, increased physical activity along with a dietary regime to regulate blood glucose levels will not only be advantages in T2DM management, but will benefit the health of the population and limit the increasing worldwide incidence of T2DM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-590
Number of pages50
JournalCritical reviews in food science and nutrition
Volume56
Issue number4
Early online date23 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Nutrition
blood glucose
Glucose
Blood Glucose
Blood
Medical problems
noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Diet
Chemical analysis
diet
low calorie foods
Sweetening Agents
Food
vinegars
sweeteners
Micronutrients
Vitamins
Phytochemicals
Insurance Benefits

Keywords

  • Postprandial glycemia
  • diabetes
  • human dietary intervention
  • insulin resistance
  • insulin sensitivity

Cite this

Russell, W. R., Baka, A., Björck, I., Delzenne, N., Gao, D., Griffiths, H. R., ... Weickert, M. O. (2016). Impact of Diet Composition on Blood Glucose Regulation. Critical reviews in food science and nutrition, 56(4), 541-590. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2013.792772

Impact of Diet Composition on Blood Glucose Regulation. / Russell, Wendy R.; Baka, Athanasia (Corresponding Author); Björck, Inger; Delzenne, Nathalie; Gao, Dan; Griffiths, Helen R.; Hadjilucas, Ellie; Juvonen, Kristina; Lahtinen, Sampo; Lansink, Mirian; Loon, Luc Van; Mykkänen, Hannu; Östman, Elin; Riccardi, Gabriele; Vinoy, Sophie; Weickert, Martin O.

In: Critical reviews in food science and nutrition, Vol. 56, No. 4, 2016, p. 541-590.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Russell, WR, Baka, A, Björck, I, Delzenne, N, Gao, D, Griffiths, HR, Hadjilucas, E, Juvonen, K, Lahtinen, S, Lansink, M, Loon, LV, Mykkänen, H, Östman, E, Riccardi, G, Vinoy, S & Weickert, MO 2016, 'Impact of Diet Composition on Blood Glucose Regulation', Critical reviews in food science and nutrition, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 541-590. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2013.792772
Russell, Wendy R. ; Baka, Athanasia ; Björck, Inger ; Delzenne, Nathalie ; Gao, Dan ; Griffiths, Helen R. ; Hadjilucas, Ellie ; Juvonen, Kristina ; Lahtinen, Sampo ; Lansink, Mirian ; Loon, Luc Van ; Mykkänen, Hannu ; Östman, Elin ; Riccardi, Gabriele ; Vinoy, Sophie ; Weickert, Martin O. / Impact of Diet Composition on Blood Glucose Regulation. In: Critical reviews in food science and nutrition. 2016 ; Vol. 56, No. 4. pp. 541-590.
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