Impact of high-protein diets with either moderate or low carbohydrate on weight loss, body composition, blood pressure and glucose tolerance in rats

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Abstract

One approach to achieve weight loss and decrease both obesity and associated morbidities involves high-protein, low-carbohydrate (HPLC) diets. This study compares the impact on metabolic health of HPLC and high-protein, medium-carbohydrate (HPMC) diets offered to diet-induced obese (DIO) rats. Wearding male rats were fed either a 37 % fat diet (n 48) or stock pellets (n 12) for 22 weeks. Rats fed the 37 % fat diet accumulated more body fat (26.6 versus 14.8 % body weight, P < 0.001) compared with those on stock diet. The DIO rats had higher systolic blood pressure (+ 6.6 mmHg, P= 0.002), fasting insulin (+ 63 % P= 0.006) and areas under the glucose (+ 21 %, P < 0.001) and insulin (+ 81 %, P< 0.001) curves following an oral glucose tolerance test. DIO rats were then separated into four groups and offered for 8 weeks either: ( 1) the 37 % fat diet; (2) an HPLC or (3) HPMC diet; or (4) fed the 37 % fat diet to the intake of the HPMC group. Rats offered the 37 % fat or HPLC diets gained while those on HPMC lost body fat. Blood pressure was not altered by the dietary switch. Both HPLC and HPMC rats had lowered fasting insulin (P=0.027) and improved homeostatic assessment (HOMA; P=0.011) that was not different from those of stock animals. These improvements occurred despite differences in fat gain, and indicate that both weight loss and macronutrient intake can impact favourably on obesity-associated morbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1099-1108
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume97
Issue number6
Early online date30 Mar 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • low-carbobydrate diets
  • rats
  • obesity
  • insulin sensitivity
  • low-fat diet
  • Sprague-Dawley rats
  • high-energy diet
  • insulin-resistance
  • metabolic syndrome
  • obesity-prone
  • ad-libitum
  • cadiovascular-disease
  • randomized-trial
  • ketogenic diet

Cite this

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title = "Impact of high-protein diets with either moderate or low carbohydrate on weight loss, body composition, blood pressure and glucose tolerance in rats",
abstract = "One approach to achieve weight loss and decrease both obesity and associated morbidities involves high-protein, low-carbohydrate (HPLC) diets. This study compares the impact on metabolic health of HPLC and high-protein, medium-carbohydrate (HPMC) diets offered to diet-induced obese (DIO) rats. Wearding male rats were fed either a 37 {\%} fat diet (n 48) or stock pellets (n 12) for 22 weeks. Rats fed the 37 {\%} fat diet accumulated more body fat (26.6 versus 14.8 {\%} body weight, P < 0.001) compared with those on stock diet. The DIO rats had higher systolic blood pressure (+ 6.6 mmHg, P= 0.002), fasting insulin (+ 63 {\%} P= 0.006) and areas under the glucose (+ 21 {\%}, P < 0.001) and insulin (+ 81 {\%}, P< 0.001) curves following an oral glucose tolerance test. DIO rats were then separated into four groups and offered for 8 weeks either: ( 1) the 37 {\%} fat diet; (2) an HPLC or (3) HPMC diet; or (4) fed the 37 {\%} fat diet to the intake of the HPMC group. Rats offered the 37 {\%} fat or HPLC diets gained while those on HPMC lost body fat. Blood pressure was not altered by the dietary switch. Both HPLC and HPMC rats had lowered fasting insulin (P=0.027) and improved homeostatic assessment (HOMA; P=0.011) that was not different from those of stock animals. These improvements occurred despite differences in fat gain, and indicate that both weight loss and macronutrient intake can impact favourably on obesity-associated morbidities.",
keywords = "low-carbobydrate diets, rats, obesity, insulin sensitivity, low-fat diet, Sprague-Dawley rats, high-energy diet, insulin-resistance, metabolic syndrome, obesity-prone, ad-libitum, cadiovascular-disease, randomized-trial, ketogenic diet",
author = "Gerald Lobley and David Bremner and Grietje Holtrop and Alexandra Johnstone and Christopher Maloney",
year = "2007",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1017/S0007114507691934",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
pages = "1099--1108",
journal = "British Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0007-1145",
publisher = "Cambridge Univ. Press.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of high-protein diets with either moderate or low carbohydrate on weight loss, body composition, blood pressure and glucose tolerance in rats

AU - Lobley, Gerald

AU - Bremner, David

AU - Holtrop, Grietje

AU - Johnstone, Alexandra

AU - Maloney, Christopher

PY - 2007/6

Y1 - 2007/6

N2 - One approach to achieve weight loss and decrease both obesity and associated morbidities involves high-protein, low-carbohydrate (HPLC) diets. This study compares the impact on metabolic health of HPLC and high-protein, medium-carbohydrate (HPMC) diets offered to diet-induced obese (DIO) rats. Wearding male rats were fed either a 37 % fat diet (n 48) or stock pellets (n 12) for 22 weeks. Rats fed the 37 % fat diet accumulated more body fat (26.6 versus 14.8 % body weight, P < 0.001) compared with those on stock diet. The DIO rats had higher systolic blood pressure (+ 6.6 mmHg, P= 0.002), fasting insulin (+ 63 % P= 0.006) and areas under the glucose (+ 21 %, P < 0.001) and insulin (+ 81 %, P< 0.001) curves following an oral glucose tolerance test. DIO rats were then separated into four groups and offered for 8 weeks either: ( 1) the 37 % fat diet; (2) an HPLC or (3) HPMC diet; or (4) fed the 37 % fat diet to the intake of the HPMC group. Rats offered the 37 % fat or HPLC diets gained while those on HPMC lost body fat. Blood pressure was not altered by the dietary switch. Both HPLC and HPMC rats had lowered fasting insulin (P=0.027) and improved homeostatic assessment (HOMA; P=0.011) that was not different from those of stock animals. These improvements occurred despite differences in fat gain, and indicate that both weight loss and macronutrient intake can impact favourably on obesity-associated morbidities.

AB - One approach to achieve weight loss and decrease both obesity and associated morbidities involves high-protein, low-carbohydrate (HPLC) diets. This study compares the impact on metabolic health of HPLC and high-protein, medium-carbohydrate (HPMC) diets offered to diet-induced obese (DIO) rats. Wearding male rats were fed either a 37 % fat diet (n 48) or stock pellets (n 12) for 22 weeks. Rats fed the 37 % fat diet accumulated more body fat (26.6 versus 14.8 % body weight, P < 0.001) compared with those on stock diet. The DIO rats had higher systolic blood pressure (+ 6.6 mmHg, P= 0.002), fasting insulin (+ 63 % P= 0.006) and areas under the glucose (+ 21 %, P < 0.001) and insulin (+ 81 %, P< 0.001) curves following an oral glucose tolerance test. DIO rats were then separated into four groups and offered for 8 weeks either: ( 1) the 37 % fat diet; (2) an HPLC or (3) HPMC diet; or (4) fed the 37 % fat diet to the intake of the HPMC group. Rats offered the 37 % fat or HPLC diets gained while those on HPMC lost body fat. Blood pressure was not altered by the dietary switch. Both HPLC and HPMC rats had lowered fasting insulin (P=0.027) and improved homeostatic assessment (HOMA; P=0.011) that was not different from those of stock animals. These improvements occurred despite differences in fat gain, and indicate that both weight loss and macronutrient intake can impact favourably on obesity-associated morbidities.

KW - low-carbobydrate diets

KW - rats

KW - obesity

KW - insulin sensitivity

KW - low-fat diet

KW - Sprague-Dawley rats

KW - high-energy diet

KW - insulin-resistance

KW - metabolic syndrome

KW - obesity-prone

KW - ad-libitum

KW - cadiovascular-disease

KW - randomized-trial

KW - ketogenic diet

U2 - 10.1017/S0007114507691934

DO - 10.1017/S0007114507691934

M3 - Article

VL - 97

SP - 1099

EP - 1108

JO - British Journal of Nutrition

JF - British Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0007-1145

IS - 6

ER -